Existing domestic restoration targets

Existing targets:

116,700 ha

Forest land

Land where forest is, or is planned to become, the dominant land use

If the land is without trees, there are two options:

Planted forests and woodlots

Planting of trees on formerly forested land. Native species or exotics and for various purposes, fuel- wood, timber, building, poles, fruit production, etc.

Existing restoration targets

30,000 ha

9,000 ha

31,020 ha

11,000 ha

Total: 81,020

Natural regeneration

Natural regeneration of formerly forested land. Often the site is highly degraded and no longer able to fulfill its past function – e.g. agriculture. If the site is heavily degraded and no longer has seed sources, some planting will probably be required.

Existing restoration targets


If the land  is degraded forests:


Enhancement of existing forests and woodlands of diminished quality and stocking, e.g., by reducing fire and grazing and by liberation thinning, enrichment planting, etc.

Existing restoration targets

15,000 ha

Agricultural land

Land which is being managed to produce food

If the land  is under permanent management:


Establishment and management of trees on active agricultural land (under shifting agriculture), either through planting or regeneration, to improve crop productivity, provide dry season fodder, increase soil fertility, enhance water retention, etc.

Existing restoration targets

20,680 ha

If it is under intermittent management:

Improved fallow

Establishment and management of trees on fallow agricultural land to improve productivity, e.g. through fire control, extending the fallow period, etc., with the knowledge and intention that eventually this land will revert back to active agriculture.

Existing restoration targets


Protective land and buffers

Land that is vulnerable to, or critical in safeguarding against, catastrophic events

If degraded mangrove:

Mangrove restoration

Establishment or enhancement of mangroves along coastal areas and in estuaries.

Existing restoration targets


If other protective land or buffer:

Watershed protection and erosion control

Establishment and enhancement of forests on very steep sloping land, along water courses, in areas that naturally flood and around critical water bodies.

Existing restoration targets


More information

Detailed Analysis: Relevant Content for Zambia's Domestic Plans and Multilateral Programs

National Climate Strategies & Plans

  • NAPA (2007) (Formulation of the National Adaptation Programme of Action on Climate Change)
    • Proposed Adaptation Measures
      • Wildlife & Forests: targeting afforestation/re-afforestation programs to control siltation of streams/rivers & to provide fuelwood and alleviate encroachment on forests[i]
  • SNDP (Jan. 2011) (Sixth National Development Plan 2011-2015)
    • Natural Resources
    • Objective 2: Promote SFM practices[ii]
      • Establish/expand exotic/indigenous plantations and promote village/school nurseries and establish woodlots
        • Program: Re/Afforestation (budget: $3.33 M)
          • Afforestation 5,000 ha[iii]
          • Reforestation  6,000 ha
  • National Tree Planting Program (NTPP)
    • 10,000 ha plantations/year[1] (according to Ministry of Lands – Forestry Department)
    • NTPP Parliamentary Speech (11/08/2012): 51,700[2] ha[iv]
      • 40%[v] agroforestry species = 20,680 ha
      • 60% timber, poles, fodder = 31,020 ha
      • Budget per province[3] for implementation: $93,373[vi]
        • 10 provinces + Forestry Research Branch: $1,027,103
  • National Climate Change Response Strategy (2010) (NCCRS)
    • Adaptation Interventions - subsectors
      • Crops: agroforestry (addressing land/soil degradation)
      • Water: A/R of catchment areas
      • Forestry: A/R, agroforestry
    • Mitigation Interventions:
      • Land Use: sustainable Silviculture[vii]
    • Annex 3: Investment Framework
      • Forestry Management & Protection:
        • A/R tree nursery/planting: 5 year program with requested $3 M and 9,000 ha plantations[viii]
        • A/R natural forest: 5 year program with requested $4,540,000 and 15,000 ha degraded forests restored[ix]

Restoration Target: 86,700 ha

A/R: 11,000 ha

Plantations: 40,020 ha

Agroforestry: 20,680 ha

Restoration (Silviculture): 15,000 ha

[1] Goal of 20,000 ha for 2012/13 season (in Parliamentary speech – page 1)

[2] The total number of hectares to be planted country-wide

[3] Budget for each province (10) and the Forestry Research Branch (ha per province – see p 13 o f speech)

[i] NAPA – page 22; [ii] SNDP – page 160; [iii] SNDP – page 164; [iv] Parliamentary Speech – page 14; [v] Parliamentary Speech – page 9; [vi] Parliamentary Speech – page 8; [vii] NCCRS – page 56; [viii] NCCRS – page 128; [ix] NCCRS – page 129

Global Environment Facility (GEF)

  • 4639 PIF: Strengthening Management Effectives and Generating Multiple Environmental Benefits within and around Protected Areas in Zambia (2011 – duration 60 monts) (Budget: $13,148,864 (grant) + $44,790,000 (co-financing) = $57,938,864)
    • Establish 30,000 ha forestlands as community woodlots[i]
  • 5435[1]: Promoting Climate Resilient Community-based Regeneration of Indigenous Forests in Zambia’s Central Province (council approved Nov. 2013)
    • Budget: $3,985,000 (grant) + $23,698,776 (co-financing) = $27,683,776
    • Description: to increase the rate of forest regeneration and promote climate-resilient adaptation practices among forest-dependent communities living near Zambia’s indigenous Miombo forests

Restoration Target: 30,000 ha

[1] PIF approved but not available online yet (accessed on 1/29/15)

[i] GEF 4639 – page 3


GEF 4639 (2011). PIF: Strengthening Management Effectives and Generating Multiple Environmental Benefits within and around Protected Areas in Zambia. http://www.thegef.org/gef/project_detail?projID=4639

GEF 5435 (2013). Promoting Climate Resilient Community-based Regeneration of Indigenous Forests in Zambia’s Central Province. http://www.thegef.org/gef/project_detail?projID=5435

NAPA (2007). Formulation of the National Adaptation Programme of Action on Climate Change (Final Report). Ministry of Tourism, Environment and Natural Resources, Republic of Zambia. http://theredddesk.org/sites/default/files/napa_2007_1.pdf

NCCRS (2010). National Climate Change Response Strategy. Government of the Republic of Zambia, Ministry of Tourism, Environment & Natural Resources. http://www.undp-alm.org/sites/default/files/downloads/zambia-climate_change_response_strategy.pdf

NTPP (n.d). About Forestry Department, National Tree Planting Program. Ministry of Lands, Natural Resources and Environmental Protection. http://www.ministryoflands.gov.zm/index.php/forestry

NTPP Parliamentary Speech (11/08/2012). Ministerial Statement on the National Tree Planting Programme to be delivered in Parliament  Thursday 8th November, 2012 by Minister of Lands, Natural Resources and Environmental Protection, Hon. Wylbur C. Simuusa, MP. Ministry of Lands, Natural Resources and Environmental Protection. http://www.parliament.gov.zm/index.php?option=com_docman&task=doc_view&gid=1031

SNDP (2011). Sixth National Development Plan 2011-2015, Sustained Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction. Republic of Zambia. http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTZAMBIA/Resources/SNDP_Final_Draft__20_01_2011.pdf