Existing domestic restoration targets

Existing targets:

2,883,000 ha

Forest land

Land where forest is, or is planned to become, the dominant land use

If the land is without trees, there are two options:

Planted forests and woodlots

Planting of trees on formerly forested land. Native species or exotics and for various purposes, fuel- wood, timber, building, poles, fruit production, etc.

Existing restoration targets

1,996,000 ha

137,000 ha

5,000 ha

Total: 2,138,000 ha

Natural regeneration

Natural regeneration of formerly forested land. Often the site is highly degraded and no longer able to fulfill its past function – e.g. agriculture. If the site is heavily degraded and no longer has seed sources, some planting will probably be required.

Existing restoration targets

0

If the land  is degraded forests:

Silviculture

Enhancement of existing forests and woodlands of diminished quality and stocking, e.g., by reducing fire and grazing and by liberation thinning, enrichment planting, etc.

Existing restoration targets

720,000 ha

Agricultural land

Land which is being managed to produce food

If the land  is under permanent management:

Agroforestry

Establishment and management of trees on active agricultural land (under shifting agriculture), either through planting or regeneration, to improve crop productivity, provide dry season fodder, increase soil fertility, enhance water retention, etc.

Existing restoration targets

5,000 ha

If it is under intermittent management:

Improved fallow

Establishment and management of trees on fallow agricultural land to improve productivity, e.g. through fire control, extending the fallow period, etc., with the knowledge and intention that eventually this land will revert back to active agriculture.

Existing restoration targets

0

Protective land and buffers

Land that is vulnerable to, or critical in safeguarding against, catastrophic events

If degraded mangrove:

Mangrove restoration

Establishment or enhancement of mangroves along coastal areas and in estuaries.

Existing restoration targets

0

If other protective land or buffer:

Watershed protection and erosion control

Establishment and enhancement of forests on very steep sloping land, along water courses, in areas that naturally flood and around critical water bodies.

Existing restoration targets

20,000 ha

More information

Detailed Analysis: Relevant Content for Uganda's Domestic Plans and Multilateral Programs

REDD+ Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PP)

  • R-PP (June 2011) Section 2.2 – Forestry resources based in Uganda
    • Ag expansion into forested lands à developing strategies for nationwide tree planting and forest land restoration and for plantation establishment in forest reserves[i]
  • Section 2B: REDD Strategy Options
    • Firewood Harvesting: Increasing biomass/trees on farmland[ii]
    • Timber Harvesting: Increasing timber stocks country-wide to reduce pressure on current stocks (esp. natural forests)
    • Livestock Grazing: Strategies for managing woodlands to avoid/minimize degradation from livestock use
  • Annex 2: Relationship between R-PP and Forestry Policies and Programs in Uganda: includes the Water, Environment and Natural Resources Sector Investment Plan (WENR SIP) with the following activities: SFM, Afforestation, Forest Restoration[iii]

[i] R-PP page 78; [ii] R-PP Section 2b – page 101; [iii] R-PP page 187

National Climate Strategies & Plans

  • 2010-2019 National Development Plan[i]
    • Increase forest cover by 1,329,570[1] ha by 2015
    • Using law enforcement, private tree planting and agroforestry
  • 2010/11-2014/15 National Development Plan (NDP) (April 2010)
    • Forestry Sector
    • Objective1: 1,329,570 ha[2] goal for 2015
    • Strategy 1: A/R = 1,996,000 ha[ii]
      • 1,266,000 ha in 698 Forest Reserves
      • 730,000 ha in National Parks and Game Reserves
      • Provide incentives to leaseholders and also establish & maintain forest plantations through government institutions
    • Strategy 3: promote commercial tree-planting on private land
      • Use credit transfer scheme for land holdings above tree density threshold à capitalize forest fund through credit transfers
    • Objective 2: Restore degraded natural forests in forest reserves and private forests[iii]
    • Strategy 1: improve low stocked natural forests using the landscape approach
    • Environment Section[iv]
      • Restore degraded ecosystems to ‘appropriate’ levels: restore the forest cover to 1990 levels
    • Climate Change Section[v]
      • 2007 National Adaptation Plan of Action (NAPA) launched with GEF support – 9 priority projects with $40 M cost – limited progress due to cost
    • Finance: tax revenue, expected oil revenues, increased government efficiency, Public-Private Sector Partnerships, Foreign assistance (short-mid-term), capital markets[vii]
  • Uganda National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPA) (2007)
    • Final list of prioritized intervention strategies
      • Promote tree-growing in farmland[viii]
    • 9 NAPA projects and priority #1 is “Community Tree Growing Project”[ix] (est. cost $3.2-5.5 M (limited – wide area intervention))
      • Output: woodlots (among other legal and social outcomes)
  • The National Forest Plan 2011/12-2021/22 (Jan. 2013) (NFP)
    • Program 1: Development of Commercial Forest Plantations
      • Targets:[x]
      • 60,000 ha commercial timber and pole plantations
      • 25,000 ha commercial energy plantations
      • 5,000 ha plantations using out-growers
      • 2011-2020 budget: $210 M ($49.5 M from GoU)[xi]
    • Program 2: Promotion and intensification of tree growing on-farm[xii]
      • Targets[xiii]
      • 40,000 ha woodlots established for households
      • 5,000 km of hedgerows
      • 5,000 ha of windbreaks and shelter belts
      • 2,000 ha of 5 high conservation value tree species planted
      • 2011-2020 budget: $104 M ($53.2 M from GoU)
    • Program 3: Restoration and conservation of natural forests
      • 810,000 ha (see prog. 3 targets below) identified for conservation importance[xiv]
        • 350,000 ha strict nature reserves & 460,000 ha buffer zones[3]
        • Restoration process will be through protection and affirmative Silviculture
        • Prog. 3 Targets:[xv]
        • 20,000 ha restored CFRs[4] (Central Forest Reserves)
        • 5,000 ha natural forest replanted on private land
        • 20,000 ha community water catchment area and fragile ecosystems managed for water/soil conservation
        • 200,000 ha of CFRs being managed under Collaborative Forest Management
        • Develop incentives to promote protection of 500,000 ha of natural forest on private land within biodiversity corridors
        • 2011-2020 budget: $34.1 M ($23.6 M from GoU)

Restoration Target: 2,878,000 ha

A/R: 1,996,000 ha

Plantations: 137,000 ha

Silviculture: 720,000 ha

Reforestation: 5,000 ha

Watershed: 20,000 ha

[1] Replaced by NDP Strategy 1 goal -- Specific goal is to increase forest cover from 3,604,176 ha to 4,933,746 ha = increase of 1,329,570 ha (which is the exact amount of original forest cover lost between 1990-2005 with the majority (1.2 mha) lost from ‘woodlands’ outside of PAs (R-PP page 195))

[2] 1,329,570 ha is not used in restoration target #s & instead the hectares in Obj.1 Strategy 1 are used

[3] Expressed in NFP Programmes and Targets section as “at least 20% of forest permanent estate demarcated as strict nature reserve, and 30% as buffer zone.

[4] 1.27 Mha of forest are in CFRs and over 1 Mha of CFRs are categorized for ecological and biodiversity importance

[i] R-PP page 190; [ii] NDP 2010/11-2014/15 – page 95; [iii] NDP 2010/11-2014/15 – page 96; [iv] NDP 2010/11-2014/15 – page 311; [v] NDP 2010/11-2014/15 – page 315; [vi] NDP 2010/11-2014/15 – page 317; [vii] NDP 2010/11-2014/15 – page 62; [viii] NAPA – page 49; [ix] NAPA – page 51; [x] NFP – page 77; [xi] NFP – page 70; [xii] NFP – page 54; [xiii] NFP – page 78; [xiv] NFP – page 55; [xv] NFP – page 78

Global Environment Facility (GEF)

Restoration Target: 5,000 ha

[i] GEF – PIF page 2

Sources

GEF (05/22/14). Integrated Landscape Management for Improved Livelihoods and Ecosystem Resilience on Mount Elgon. http://www.thegef.org/gef/project_detail?projID=5718

National Development Plan (2010/11 – 2014/15). The Republic of Uganda, April 2010. http://planipolis.iiep.unesco.org/upload/Uganda/Uganda_NDP_April_2010.pdf

The National Forest Plan 2011/12 – 2021/22. Ministry of Water and Environment Directorate of Environmental Affairs, Kampala, Uganda, January 2013. http://www.mwe.go.ug/index.php?option=com_docman&task=doc_download&gid=537&Itemid=223

R-PP (June 2011) REDD Readiness Preparation Proposal for Uganda (R-PP). Forest Carbon Partnership Facility, June 2011. https://www.forestcarbonpartnership.org/sites/forestcarbonpartnership.org/files/Documents/PDF/May2012/Uganda%20R-PP%20Submitted%20(Revised%20in%20Compliance%20with%20Resolution%20PC_9_2011_3%20)%20Including%20Participation%20and%20Consultation%20Plan%20(M.pdf

Uganda National Adaptation Programmes of Action (2007). GEF & UNEP. http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/napa/uga01.pdf