Existing domestic restoration targets

Existing targets:

1,585,030 ha

Forest land

Land where forest is, or is planned to become, the dominant land use

If the land is without trees, there are two options:

Planted forests and woodlots

Planting of trees on formerly forested land. Native species or exotics and for various purposes, fuel- wood, timber, building, poles, fruit production, etc.

Existing restoration targets

0 ha

Natural regeneration

Natural regeneration of formerly forested land. Often the site is highly degraded and no longer able to fulfill its past function – e.g. agriculture. If the site is heavily degraded and no longer has seed sources, some planting will probably be required.

Existing restoration targets

0 ha

If the land  is degraded forests:

Silviculture

Enhancement of existing forests and woodlands of diminished quality and stocking, e.g., by reducing fire and grazing and by liberation thinning, enrichment planting, etc.

Existing restoration targets

3,000 ha

Agricultural land

Land which is being managed to produce food

If the land  is under permanent management:

Agroforestry

Establishment and management of trees on active agricultural land (under shifting agriculture), either through planting or regeneration, to improve crop productivity, provide dry season fodder, increase soil fertility, enhance water retention, etc.

Existing restoration targets

1,582,030 ha

If it is under intermittent management:

Improved fallow

Establishment and management of trees on fallow agricultural land to improve productivity, e.g. through fire control, extending the fallow period, etc., with the knowledge and intention that eventually this land will revert back to active agriculture.

Existing restoration targets

0 ha

Protective land and buffers

Land that is vulnerable to, or critical in safeguarding against, catastrophic events

If degraded mangrove:

Mangrove restoration

Establishment or enhancement of mangroves along coastal areas and in estuaries.

Existing restoration targets

0 ha

If other protective land or buffer:

Watershed protection and erosion control

Establishment and enhancement of forests on very steep sloping land, along water courses, in areas that naturally flood and around critical water bodies.

Existing restoration targets

0 ha

More information

Detailed Analysis: Relevant Content for Rwanda's Domestic Plans and Multilateral Programs

National Climate Strategies & Plans

  • National Forest Policy (NFP) (May 2010)
    • 2010 forest cover: 518,070 ha (21%)
    • Vision 2020 forest cover: 740,100 ha[1] (30%[2])[i]
      • A/R: 222,030 ha (by 2020)
    • Agroforestry Promotion (all aspects of the program have financing at $5.354 M 2010-2014)[ii]
  • Five Year Strategic Plan for the Environment and Natural Resources Sector 2014-2018: reset fores cover goal of 30% from 2020 to 2018 (6.5% increase from 2012 level)
  • Strategic Plan for the Forest Sector 2009-2012 (SPFS) (June 2010)
    • Agroforestry: 85% of agricultural land is planted with agroforestry trees[iii]
      • Mobilize farmers to plant 153 million trees in farming systems (annually)[iv]
    • MINIRENA (Ministry of Natural Resources)
      • Agroforestry system will be increased to reach 85% of cultivated space by 2020 = up to 1.36 Mha by 2020 [3]
      • Arable land in Rwanda is estimated at 52% or 1.4 Mha. Therefore if agroforestry systems were deployed on 85% of cultivated space then agroforestry would cover 1.19 Mha. Although the MINIRENA agroforestry goal is applied to ‘cultivated space’ which is estimated at 1.6 Mha [v] which would mean agroforestry should cover 1.36 Mha by 2020 
  • MINAGRI – Strategic Plan for the Transformation of Agriculture in Rwanda – Phase III  (SPTA) (July 2013)
    • Program 1:Agriculture and Animal Resource Intensification
      • Sub: Agroforestry – up to 90% of farmers will use agroforestry by 2017[vi]
  • Rwanda Environment Management Authority (REMA)
    • Tree Planting Day: A/R efforts with emphasis on agroforestry (60% agroforestry species and the rest are for woodlots and fruit trees)
      • Aim to plant 8,150 ha/year  to help reach 30% forest cover goal[4]
  • Rwanda Environmental Policy (2003) (REP)
    • Forests – strategic actions: enhance rehabilitation of degraded ecosystems and restoration of threatened species[vii]
  • Environment Sub-Sector Strategic Plan 2010-2015 (ESSSP) (May 2010) (funding required: $67.9 M)[viii]
    • Program 1[5]: Ecosystem Rehabilitation for income generation[6]
  • Rwanda Biodiversity Policy (RBP) 2011-2015(Sep. 2011)
    • Preferred Option: Rehabilitation of Degraded Ecosystems[ix]
    • Implementation Plan: Time-Frame 2012-2016
    • Budget (Rwandan Francs): 340,000,000 (GoR) + 985,000,000 (Donors) = 1,325,000,000[x] ($1,925,940 in 2015 USD)
  • Five-Year Strategic Plan for the Environment and Natural Resources Sector (2009-2013) (June 2009) (ENRSSP)
    • Forest Management and Afforestation Program[xi]
      • Rehabilitation Forests: 2000 ha (2009) --> 100,000 ha (2013)[xii]
      • New Planted Forests: 19,579 ha (2009) --> 78,316 ha (2013)[7]
  • National Strategy on Climate Change and Low Carbon Development (NSCCLCD) (Oct. 2011)
    • Programs of Action leading to Vision 2050 include:
    • Sustainable forestry for degraded forest resources[xiii]
    • Agroforestry

Restoration Target: 1,582,030 ha

  • A/R & Agroforestry: 222,030 ha
  • Agroforestry: 1,360,000 ha

[1] Based on Rwanda land area at 2,467,000 ha

[2] Rwanda Environment Management Authority stated the 30% forest cover goal is now 2018 (not 2020) on National Tree Planting Day in 2014

[3] The 85% target for agroforestry on cultivable lands was originally set in the EDPRS 2008-2012 & is carried out by the Strategic Plan for the Forest Sector 2009-2012 (2010) put forth by the National Forest Authority. The 1.36 Mha figure is reached by considering that arable land in Rwanda is estimated at 52% or 1.4 Mha. Therefore if agroforestry systems were deployed on 85% of cultivated space then agroforestry would cover 1.19 Mha. However, the MINIRENA agroforestry goal is applied to ‘cultivated space’ which is estimated at 1.6 Mha[v] which would mean agroforestry should cover 1.36 Mha by 2020.

[4] REMA claims that Rwanda is at 28.8% forest cover at end of 2013/14

[5] Details in the Annex 1: Logical Framework (outputs, outcomes, specific activities)

[6] Funding required for program 1 (2010-2015): 17,880,416,000 Rwandan Francs (as of Jan. 2015 that is $25.89 M) (ESSSP – page 34) . With a funding gap of 9,090,119,703 Rwandan Francs (ESSSP – page 42

[7] Removed to avoid double counting – assuming these forest hectares are included in the figures given in the National Forest Policy above

[i] NFP page 3; [ii] NFP annex 2 page 32; [iii] SPFS – page 22; [iv] SPFS – page 23; [v] ESSSP – page 6; [vi] Strategic Plan  for the Transformation of Agriculture in Rwanda – Phase III – page 14; [vii] REP page 34; [viii] ESSSP – page viii; [ix] RBP – page 14; [x] RBP – page 44; [xi] ENRSSP – page 51; [xii] ENRSSP – page 77; [xiii] NSCCLCD – page 94

Global Environment Facility (GEF)

  • 4952: Landscape Approach to Forest Restoration and Conservation (approved 2012 – CEO endorsed July 2014  – duration 60 months)
    • 5,000 ha [1] (at least) critical forest and other landscapes ‘identified’ for restoration and conservation actions[i]
    • 3,000 ha (at least) natural forest within Gishwati restored[ii]
    • Output: Nation-wide landscape restoration strategy and operational guidelines
    • Total Finance: $9.5 M grant + $53.5 M = $63 M
  • 5194: Building Resilience of Communities Living in Degraded Forests, Savannahs and Wetlands of Rwanda Through an Ecosystem Management Approach (approved May 2013) (Finance: $5.5 M grant + $10.7 M co-financing = $16.2 M)

Restoration Target: 3,000 ha

[1] The 5,000 ha is not included due to lack of clarity on actions and implementation

[i] GEF 4952 PIF – page 2; [ii] GEF 4952 PIF – page 3

Sources

ENRSSP (June 2009). Five-Year Strategic Plan for the Environment and Natural Resources Sector (2009-2013). Republic of Rwanda, Ministry of Natural Resources. http://www.rema.gov.rw/rema_doc/Planing_Dpt/Five%20years%20Strategic%20plan%20for%20the%20Environment%20and%20Natural%20Resources%20Sector%20%282009%20-%202013%29.pdf

ESSSP (May 2010). Environment Sub-Sector Strategic Plan. The Environment Thematic Working Group, Rwanda Environment Management Authority. http://rema.gov.rw/rema_doc/Policies/EnvSUbSectorStrategicPlan_Final_1-1.pdf

GEF 4952 (2012). Landscape Approach to Forest Restoration and Conservation. http://www.thegef.org/gef/sites/thegef.org/files/gef_prj_docs/GEFProjectDocuments/Multi%20Focal%20Area/Rwanda%20-%20(4952)%20-%20Landscape%20Approach%20to%20Forest%20Restoration%20and%20Conse/04-26-12%20PIF%20document%20revised%20FINAL.pdf

GEF 5194 (2013). Building Resilience of Communities Living in Degraded Forests, Savannahs and Wetlands of Rwanda Through an Ecosystem Management Approach. http://www.thegef.org/gef/project_detail?projID=5194

NSCCLCD (October 2011). Green Growth and Climate Resilience, National Strategy for Climate Change and Low Carbon Development. Republic of Rwanda, Rwanda Environment Management Authority. http://www.rema.gov.rw/fileadmin/templates/Documents/rema_doc/rgg_crs2011/Rwanda%20Green%20Growth%20Strategy%20FINAL.pdf

NFP (2010). National Forest Policy. Ministry of Forestry and Mines. http://rnra.rw/uploads/media/final_national_forestry_policy_2011f.pdf

RBP (September 2011). Rwanda Biodiversity Policy. Republic of Rwanda. http://rema.gov.rw/rema_doc/pab/RWANDA%20BIODIVERSITY%20POLICY.pdf

REP (2003). Rwanda Environmental Policy. Republic of Rwanda, Ministry of Lands, Resettlement and Environment. http://rema.gov.rw/fileadmin/templates/Documents/rema_doc/Policies/Rwanda%20Environmental%20Policy_English.pdf

SPFS (June 2010). Strategic Plan for the Forest Sector 2009-2012. Republic of Rwanda, Ministry of Forestry and Mines, National Forest Authority. http://rnra.rw/uploads/media/Forestry_Sector_Strategic_Plan.pdf

SPTA (July 2013). Strategic Plan for the Transformation of Agriculture in Rwanda Phase III. Republic of Rwanda, Ministry of Agriculture and Animal Resources. http://www.minagri.gov.rw/fileadmin/user_upload/documents/Policies___strategy/PSTA_III.pdf