Existing domestic restoration targets

Existing targets:

1,788,000 ha

Forest land

Land where forest is, or is planned to become, the dominant land use

If the land is without trees, there are two options:

Planted forests and woodlots

Planting of trees on formerly forested land. Native species or exotics and for various purposes, fuel- wood, timber, building, poles, fruit production, etc.

Existing restoration targets

1,213,000 ha

Natural regeneration

Natural regeneration of formerly forested land. Often the site is highly degraded and no longer able to fulfill its past function – e.g. agriculture. If the site is heavily degraded and no longer has seed sources, some planting will probably be required.

Existing restoration targets

0 ha

If the land  is degraded forests:


Enhancement of existing forests and woodlands of diminished quality and stocking, e.g., by reducing fire and grazing and by liberation thinning, enrichment planting, etc.

Existing restoration targets

9,000 ha

Agricultural land

Land which is being managed to produce food

If the land  is under permanent management:


Establishment and management of trees on active agricultural land (under shifting agriculture), either through planting or regeneration, to improve crop productivity, provide dry season fodder, increase soil fertility, enhance water retention, etc.

Existing restoration targets

561,000 ha

5,000 ha

Total: 566,000 ha

If it is under intermittent management:

Improved fallow

Establishment and management of trees on fallow agricultural land to improve productivity, e.g. through fire control, extending the fallow period, etc., with the knowledge and intention that eventually this land will revert back to active agriculture.

Existing restoration targets

0 ha

Protective land and buffers

Land that is vulnerable to, or critical in safeguarding against, catastrophic events

If degraded mangrove:

Mangrove restoration

Establishment or enhancement of mangroves along coastal areas and in estuaries.

Existing restoration targets

0 ha

If other protective land or buffer:

Watershed protection and erosion control

Establishment and enhancement of forests on very steep sloping land, along water courses, in areas that naturally flood and around critical water bodies.

Existing restoration targets

0 ha

More information

Detailed Analysis: Relevant Content for Peru's Domestic Plans and Multilateral Programs

National Climate Strategies & Plans

  • National Reforestation Plan (2005)
    • Program 1: Commercial/Industrial forest plantations
      • 10.5 Mha[1] ‘available/suitable’[i]
      • Goals: by 2024 = 864,500 ha plantations[ii]
        • 584,000 ha[iii] plantations[2]
        • 280,500 ha agroforestry
        • Using private investment and tax incentives and debt swaps = $853 M
    • Program 2: Forest Plantations for environmental protection and watershed management
      • 13.5 Mha classified as potential for protection/watershed management[iv]
      • Goals: by 2024 = 909,500 ha plantations[v]
        • 629,000 ha plantations
        • 280,500 ha agroforestry
        • Using public investment and international cooperation and debt swaps = $688 M
  • Action Plan for Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation (APCCAM) (April  2010)
    • Reforestation Programs on degraded lands[vi]
    • Afforestation
    • Both composed on 27 CDM projects with an investment totaling $66,264,490[vii]
  • National Environmental Policy (2009)
    • Promote agroforestry[viii]
    • Conserve and increase the coverage of wooded areas[ix]
    • Promote reforestation of degraded areas with native timber-yielding species
  • National Environmental Action Plan 2011-2021 (2011)
    • Strategy Action 4.2: Promote A/R[x]
    • 2017 Goal: A/R in 50% of priority zones[3]
    • 2021 Goal: A/R in 100% of priority zones
    • Indicator: # of hectares under A/R

Restoration Target: 1,774,000 ha

  • Plantations: 1,213,000 ha
  • Agroforestry: 561,000 ha

[1] Peru’s 2010 2nd National Communication adjusts the total suitable for plantations to 9.7 Mha (adjusted for completed reforestation projects). The 10.5 Mha figure is also the number used in the National Forest Strategy (2002). The 10.5 Mha suitable area is not counted toward the restoration target, and instead the goals for 2024 are the concrete numbers counted toward the Restoration Target total.

[2] Listed as Macizos which is roughly a ‘massive forest plantation’

[3] The NEAP does not specify the size or location of the priority zones

[i] National Reforestation Plan – page 24; [ii] National Reforestation Plan – page 25; [iii] National Reforestation Plan – page 41; [iv] National Reforestation Plan – page 28; [v] National Reforestation Plan – page 30; [vi] APCCAM – page 22; [vii] APCCAM – page 22; [viii] NEP – page 18; [ix]; NEP – page 20; [x] National Environmental Action Plan – page 22

Emission Reductions Program Idea Note (ER-PIN)

The ER-PIN (2014) references the National Forest and Climate Change (ENBCC) and REDD+ Action Plan that is to be completed at the end of 2014. This plan will include actions in the LULUCF sector with agroforestry and reforestation actions to have hectares assigned to each action.[i]

[i] ER-PIN page 15

Global Environment Facility (GEF)

Restoration Target: 14,000 ha

  • Agroforestry: 5,000 ha
  • Restoration: 9,000 ha

[i] GEF 5080 – page 3; [ii] GEF 4773 – page 2


APCCAM (2010). Action Plan for Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation. Ministerio del Ambiente. http://theredddesk.org/sites/default/files/plan_de_accion_de_adaptacion_y_mitigacion_frente_al_cambio_climatico.pdf

GEF project 4773 (2012) Conservation and Sustainable Use of High-Andean Ecosystems of Peru through Compensation of Environmental Services for Rural Poverty Alleviation and Social Inclusion. Global Environment Facility. http://www.thegef.org/gef/sites/thegef.org/files/gef_prj_docs/GEFProjectDocuments/Biodiversity/Peru%20-%20(4773)%20-%20Conservation%20and%20Sustainable%20Use%20of%20High-Andean%20Ec/1-12-12%20REV%20PIF.pdf

GEF project 5080 (2012). Transforming Management of Protected Area/Landscape Complexes to Strengthen Ecosystem Resilience. Global Environment Facility. http://www.thegef.org/gef/sites/thegef.org/files/gef_prj_docs/GEFProjectDocuments/Multi%20Focal%20Area/Peru%20-%20(5080)%20-%20Transforming%20Management%20of%20Protected%20Area/Landscap/PIMS%205152%20PIF%20Peru%20PA%20resilience%20post%20GEF%20Review%2003-09-12HN.pdf

National Environmental Action Plan 2011-2021 (2011). Ministerio del Ambiente, Supreme Decree No. 014-2011-MINAM. http://www.bdlaw.com/assets/htmldocuments/Peru%20National%20Environmental%20Action%20Plan.pdf

National Environment Policy (2009). Ministerio del Ambiente, Supreme Decree No. 012-2009-MINAM. http://theredddesk.org/sites/default/files/national_environmental_policy_peru_0.pdf

National Reforestation Plan (2005). Ministerio de Agricultura, Instituto Nacional de Recursos Naturales, Lima, December 2005. http://theredddesk.org/sites/default/files/plannacionalreforestacion.pdf