Existing domestic restoration targets

Existing targets:

1,755,982 ha

Forest land

Land where forest is, or is planned to become, the dominant land use

If the land is without trees, there are two options:

Planted forests and woodlots

Planting of trees on formerly forested land. Native species or exotics and for various purposes, fuel- wood, timber, building, poles, fruit production, etc.

Existing restoration targets

1,051,000 ha

250,000 ha

4,100 ha

Total: 1,305,100 ha

Natural regeneration

Natural regeneration of formerly forested land. Often the site is highly degraded and no longer able to fulfill its past function – e.g. agriculture. If the site is heavily degraded and no longer has seed sources, some planting will probably be required.

Existing restoration targets

13,400 ha

311,282 ha

Total: 324,682 ha

If the land  is degraded forests:

Silviculture

Enhancement of existing forests and woodlands of diminished quality and stocking, e.g., by reducing fire and grazing and by liberation thinning, enrichment planting, etc.

Existing restoration targets

100,000 ha

Agricultural land

Land which is being managed to produce food

If the land  is under permanent management:

Agroforestry

Establishment and management of trees on active agricultural land (under shifting agriculture), either through planting or regeneration, to improve crop productivity, provide dry season fodder, increase soil fertility, enhance water retention, etc.

Existing restoration targets

0

If it is under intermittent management:

Improved fallow

Establishment and management of trees on fallow agricultural land to improve productivity, e.g. through fire control, extending the fallow period, etc., with the knowledge and intention that eventually this land will revert back to active agriculture.

Existing restoration targets

0

Protective land and buffers

Land that is vulnerable to, or critical in safeguarding against, catastrophic events

If degraded mangrove:

Mangrove restoration

Establishment or enhancement of mangroves along coastal areas and in estuaries.

Existing restoration targets

0

If other protective land or buffer:

Watershed protection and erosion control

Establishment and enhancement of forests on very steep sloping land, along water courses, in areas that naturally flood and around critical water bodies.

Existing restoration targets

26,200 ha

More information

Detailed Analysis: Relevant Content for Pakistan's Domestic Plans and Multilateral Programs

REDD+ Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PP)

  • R-PP (2013) Section 2a.13: Past efforts to reduce deforestation or forest degradation
    • Mega Afforestation Programme: 1,000,000 ha[1]  (to increase forest cover from 5 to 6% under Pakistan’s MDGs[i])
  • 2b: Proposed REDD+ Strategy Options
    • Proposed Activities
      • Forestation programmes[2] and facilitate SLM/NRM activities
  • Ongoing national/provincial donor-funded natural resource/forestry projects
    • Punjab: Afforestation projects (3) with $952,521 in financing[ii]
    • Balochistan: Afforestation project (404 ha in each district) with $2,945,943 in financing[iii]
    • KP: Afforestation, Rehabilitation, Plantation projects with $10,363,434 in financing[iv]
    • Sindh: Plantation, Mangroves, Restoration projects with $33,057,801 in financing[v]
    • Gilgit-Baltistan: Rehabilitation project with $1,571,169 in financing[vi]
    • AJK: ANR project with $3,157,068 in financing[vii]

[1] The increase of 1,000,000 ha is already accounted for in multiple documents in the National Climate Strategy Section working toward 6% forest cover (and this project is labelled as ‘past’).

[2] The R-PP states that indigenous species should be promoted in afforestation programs (R-PP, page 59)

[i] R-PP – page 52; [ii] R-PP – page 22; [iii] R-PP – page 22; [iv] R-PP – page 22, 23; [v] R-PP – page 23, 24; [vi] R-PP – page 24; [vii] R-PP – page 24

National Climate Strategies & Plans

  • NCCP (National Climate Change Policy) (2012)
    • Adaptation
      • Forestry - Policy Measures
        • Forest Management[i]
          • A/R programs with plantations
          • Restore degraded mangrove forests (deltaic region)
        • Arresting Soil Erosion[ii]
          • Afforestation on barren/degraded lands and uphill watershed areas
        • Reducing Forest Fires[iii]
          • Encourage afforestation with indigenous species and only useful/tested non-native species
    • Mitigation
      • Carbon Sequestration and Forestry[iv]
        • Set annual A/R targets to increase national forest cover
        • Promote farm forestry practices
  • NFP (2010) (National Forest Policy)
    • Policy Measures
      • Bringing Additional Land under Tree Cover (incentives for social/farm/agroforestry; tree planting for watershed management; afforestation as part of CSR practices)[v]
  • NSDS (National Sustainable Development Strategy) (2012)
    • Forestry and Land Degradation
      • Strategy
        • Increase forest cover from 4.8% (1990) to 6.0%[1] by 2015[vi]
        • Promote SLM land use planning[vii]
  • MoF (Ministry of Finance: Economic Survey 2009-10 – Chapter: Environment)
    • Measures to enhance forest cover
      • Commitment to increase forest cover to 6% in 2015
        • The increase by ~1% implies an increase of 1,051,000 [2] ha forest cover area[viii]
      • Presidents' Mass Afforestation Programme (2008): 5 year program[ix]
  • NAP (2002) (National Action Programme to Combat Desertification in Pakistan)
    • contains relevant FLR ‘proposed’ actions
  • Vision 2030 (2007)
    • Chapter 3 – A Just and Sustainable Society
      • Inter-generation Equity and Sustainable Development - Major Strategies:
        • Double forest cover to 6% by 2030 (through better watershed management and planting campaigns)[x]
        • Encouraging forest-based industry: fast growing species for timber, fuel, pulp ,etc.[xi]
  • TFCC (Pakistan Planning Commission  - Task Force on Climate Change)
    • Forest Cover: 4.9% (2005) to 5.2% (2010) to 6.0% (2015)[xii]
  • FAO (Asia and the Pacific National Forestry Programmes: Update 34) (2000)
    • MPFD (Master Plan for Forestry Development 1993-2018)
      • Increase forest area to 10% by 2018[3]
  • Regional Government
  • BTTAP (Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (PTI Chief): Billion Trees Tsunami Afforestation Project) (2014-2018)
    • Increase forest area by 2% by planting 30,000 ha/year (launched in 2014 for 4 years = 120,000 ha)[4]
    • Target: 311,282 ha forest rehabilitation primarily through closure (ANR)[xiii]
    • Target: 250,000 ha afforestation (plantations on ‘waste land’ to meet firewood demands)[xiv]
    • Target 4,100 ha (planting along roads, canals, railway)[xv]
    • Target: 200,000,000 seedlings [5] for agroforestry[xvi]
    • Finance: $140,743,441 (Rs. 14,334.72 million)[xvii]

Restoration Target: 1,616,382

A/R: 1,051,000 ha

ANR: 311,282 ha

Plantation: 250,000 ha

Tree Planting: 4,100 ha

[1] The 2014 R-PP puts the forest cover at 5.01% in 2003/4 or 4.392 Mha (R-PP, page 40). However, that implies Pakistan is 87.84 Mha which is incorrect according to the CIA world factbook, etc.. The area of Pakistan (excluding water) is 77,087,500 ha. This means that 5.01% is 3,862,083 ha and an increase to 6% would mean an increase in forest area by 763,167 ha to reach 4,625,250 ha.

[2] The 1.051 Mha forest cover increase target is counted separately from the BTTAP because the first goal is to be accomplished in 2015 by the National Government and the BTTAP didn’t officially launch until Feb. 2015, and therefore if the National government accomplished there goal then there should be no overlap in tree cover measurements

[3] Likely an outdated goal that has been usurped by the 6% by 2015 goal

[4] Not included in Table 6 b: Annual Phasing of Physical Activities – therefore it is left out until it can be substantiated as a separate target from the others included in the table.

[5] the size (ha) of agroforestry target can not be determind from this information.

[i] NCCP – page 10; [ii] NCCP – page 11; [iii] NCCP – page 11; [iv] NCCP – page 29; [v] NFP – page 6; [vi] NSDS – page 45; [vii] NSDS – page 46; [viii] MoF – page 228; [ix] MoF – page 229; [x] Vision 2030 – page 31; [xi] Vision 2030 – page 31; [xii] TFCC – page 37; [xiii] BTTAP – page 7; [xiv] BTTAP – page 7; [xv] BTTAP – page 10; [xvi] BTTAP – page 10; [xvii] BTTAP – page 3, 20

Global Environment Facility (GEF)

  • 5660 (PIF): Sustainable forest management to secure multiple benefits in Pakistan’s high conservation value forests (2014 – duration: 60 months) (Finance: $8,338,000 grant + $26,500,000 co-financing = $34,838,000)
    • Component 3: Enhanced carbon sequestration in target forested landscapes ($2,641,651 grant + $10,729,365 co-financing = $13,371,016)[i]
      • Restoration: 13,400 ha (through ANR)[ii]
      • Reforestation: 26,200 ha (riverine forests)[iii]
  • 4754 (PIF): Sustainable Land Management Programme to Combat Desertification (2011 – duration: 60 months) (Finance: $3,791,000 grant + 16,630,000 co-financing = $20,421,000[iv])
    • SLM applied to 800,000 ha (rangelands, agriculture, dryland forest) including 100,000 ha dryland forests[v]

Restoration Target: 139,600 ha

ANR: 13,400 ha

Watershed: 26,200 ha

SLM: 100,000 ha

[i] GEF 5660 PIF – page 2; [ii] GEF 5660 PIF – page 10; [iii] GEF 5660 PIF – page 10; [iv] GEF 4754 Request for CEO Endorsement – page 1; [v] GEF 4754 PIF – page 1

Sources

BTTAP (2014). Billion Trees Tsunami Afforestation Project in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 2014-2018. Forest Department, Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Shami Road, Peshawar.

GEF 5660 (2014). PIF: Sustainable forest management to secure multiple benefits in Pakistan’s high conservation value forests. http://www.thegef.org/gef/sites/thegef.org/files/gef_prj_docs/GEFProjectDocuments/Multi%20Focal%20Area/Pakistan%20-%20(5660)%20-%20Sustainable%20Forest%20Management%20to%20Secure%20Multiple%20B/pakstan_5660.doc

GEF 4754 (2011). PIF: Sustainable Land Management Programme to Combat Desertification. http://www.thegef.org/gef/sites/thegef.org/files/gef_prj_docs/GEFProjectDocuments/Land%20Degradation/Pakistan%20-%20(4754)%20-%20Sustainable%20Land%20Management%20Programme%20to%20Combat%20De/11-29-11%20-%20PIF%20doc.pdf

MoF (n.d.). Ministry of Finance: Economic Survey 2009-10, Chapter 15: Environment. http://www.finance.gov.pk/survey/chapter_10/15_Environment.pdf

NAP (). National Action Programme to Combat Desertification in Pakistan. UNCCD. http://www.unccd.int/ActionProgrammes/pakistan-eng2002.pdf

NCCP (2012). National Climate Change Policy. Ministry of Climate Change, Government of Pakistan, Islamabad. http://www.mocc.gov.pk/gop/index.php?q=aHR0cDovLzE5Mi4xNjguNzAuMTM2L21vY2xjL3VzZXJmaWxlczEvZmlsZS9Nb2NsYy9Qb2xpY3kvTmF0aW9uYWwlMjBDbGltYXRlJTIwQ2hhbmdlJTIwUG9saWN5JTIwb2YlMjBQYWtpc3RhbiUyMCgyKS5wZGY%3D

NFP (2010). National Forest Policy. Ministry of Environment, Government of Pakistan, Islamabad. http://www.mocc.gov.pk/gop/index.php?q=aHR0cDovLzE5Mi4xNjguNzAuMTM2L21vY2xjL3VzZXJmaWxlczEvZmlsZS9NT0MvTmF0aW9uYWxGb3Jlc3RQb2xpY3kuZG9j

NSDS (2012). National Sustainable Development Strategy: Pakistan’s Pathway to a Sustainable & Resilient Future. http://www.mocc.gov.pk/gop/index.php?q=aHR0cDovLzE5Mi4xNjguNzAuMTM2L21vY2xjL3VzZXJmaWxlczEvZmlsZS9NT0MvTlNEUy1GaW5hbC0yMDEyLTItRG9uZS5kb2M%3D

R-PP (2013). Readiness Preparation Proposal, Pakistan. FCPF. https://www.forestcarbonpartnership.org/sites/fcp/files/2014/october/Pakistan%27s%20Revised%20R-PP%20-%20September%2010%202014.pdf

TFCC (2010). Task Force on Climate Change: Final Report. Planning Commission, Government of Pakistan. http://pc.gov.pk/usefull%20links/Taskforces/TFCC%20Final%20Report.pdf

Vision 2030 (2007). Vision 2030: Pakistan in the 21st Century. Planning Commission, Government of Pakistan, Islamabad. http://www.pc.gov.pk/vision2030/Pak21stcentury/vision%202030-Full.pdf