Existing domestic restoration targets

Existing targets:

30,036,539 ha

Forest land

Land where forest is, or is planned to become, the dominant land use

If the land is without trees, there are two options:

Planted forests and woodlots

Planting of trees on formerly forested land. Native species or exotics and for various purposes, fuel- wood, timber, building, poles, fruit production, etc.

Existing restoration targets

13,489,700 ha

225,000 ha

36,000 ha

Total: 13,750,700 ha

Natural regeneration

Natural regeneration of formerly forested land. Often the site is highly degraded and no longer able to fulfill its past function – e.g. agriculture. If the site is heavily degraded and no longer has seed sources, some planting will probably be required.

Existing restoration targets

389,800 ha

If the land  is degraded forests:


Enhancement of existing forests and woodlands of diminished quality and stocking, e.g., by reducing fire and grazing and by liberation thinning, enrichment planting, etc.

Existing restoration targets

50,000 ha

Agricultural land

Land which is being managed to produce food

If the land  is under permanent management:


Establishment and management of trees on active agricultural land (under shifting agriculture), either through planting or regeneration, to improve crop productivity, provide dry season fodder, increase soil fertility, enhance water retention, etc.

Existing restoration targets

15,704, 039 ha

If it is under intermittent management:

Improved fallow

Establishment and management of trees on fallow agricultural land to improve productivity, e.g. through fire control, extending the fallow period, etc., with the knowledge and intention that eventually this land will revert back to active agriculture.

Existing restoration targets


Protective land and buffers

Land that is vulnerable to, or critical in safeguarding against, catastrophic events

If degraded mangrove:

Mangrove restoration

Establishment or enhancement of mangroves along coastal areas and in estuaries.

Existing restoration targets

130,000 ha

If other protective land or buffer:

Watershed protection and erosion control

Establishment and enhancement of forests on very steep sloping land, along water courses, in areas that naturally flood and around critical water bodies.

Existing restoration targets

12,000 ha

More information

Detailed Analysis: Relevant Content for Nigeria's Domestic Plans and Multilateral Programs

REDD+ Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PP)

  • R-PP (2014) Annex 2b: REDD+ Strategy Options[i]
    • Encourage agroforestry
    • Commercial forest plantations to buffer wood needed by industry
    • Community wood lots
    • Support Forest Protection and Restoration

[i] R-PP page 165

REDD+ Strategy

  • Pilot in Cross River State is in development

National Climate Strategies & Plans

  • Federal Department of Forestry
    • Vision: bring 25% of total land area under sustainably managed forest cover
  • National Forestry Policy (NFP) (2006)
    • Forest management objective: 25% of national land cover under forest cover and SFM[i]
      • Increase forests by 13,489,700 ha[1]
    • National Tree Planting Campaign (NTPC)[ii]
    • Drought and Desertification Policy: aggressive afforestation scheme[iii]
  • National AGENDA 21 – promote afforestation and desertification control
  • National Policy on Environment (NPE) (1999)
    • Biodiversity & Natural Resources: promote agro-ecosystems, restore/rehab degraded ecosystems[iv]
    • Land Use & Soil Conservation: promote A/R and agroforestry programs[v]
  • Great Green Wall Project (GGWP): 225,000 ha as part of the Great Green Wall Initiative
  • Great Green Wall for the Sahara and Sahel Initiative: National Strategic Action Plan (October 2012) GGWSSI-SAP
    • GGWSSI program: rehab/development of forest resilient landscapes – budget $20 M[vi]
    • GGWSSI program: agroforestry and improved irrigation – budget $10 M[vii]
  • National Council on Shelterbelt and Afforestation: reinvigorated in Feb. 2013 with a $52 M budget[viii]
    • To support the Great Green Wall programme that has fallen behind schedule
  • Cross River State – Ecological Restoration Program[2]
  • Nigeria Vision 20:2020 (NV20) (Dec. 2009) – Increase national forest cover from 6% (2008) to 18% in 2020 (5,542,602 ha to 16,627,806 ha (+11,085,204[3] ha by 2020)[xi]
    • Environment and Sustainable Development (NV20ESD) (Sectoral Plan 2009)
      • Rehabilitate[4] at least 20% degraded lands by 2015 & at least 50% by 2020[xii]
      • Implement massive A/R programs[xiii]
      • Promote agroforestry and community woodlots[xiv]
      • Restore mangroves: 60,000 ha (2015) & 130,000 ha (2020)
      • Establish in every state (36) at least 500 ha plantation forest (2015) and 1,000 ha by 2020[xv]
        • 2015: 18,000 ha
        • 2020: 36,000 ha[5]
    • Agriculture and Food Security (NV20AFS) (Sectoral Plan 2009)
      • Goal: Increase area of land planted with diversified biomass including economic species and agroforestry from 3% (2009) to 10% (2015) to 20% (2020)[xvi] = Increase of 15,704,039 ha planted[6]
        • Strategy: Aggressive A/R programs
        • Initiatives: promote planting of fast growing, drought/disease resistant trees in different ecological zones

Restoration Target: 29,974,539 ha

A/R: 13,489, 700 ha

Afforestation: 225,000 ha

Reforestation: 389,800 ha

Mangrove: 130,000 ha

Plantation: 36,000 ha

Agroforestry: 15,704,039 ha

[1] NFP states forest cover is 9,604,300 ha and is 10.3% of national land area (92,376,700 ha) – therefore the government’s goal to meet FAO recommendations of 25% forest cover means increasing forest area by 13,489,700 ha to reach 25% or 23,094,000 ha (and National Vision 2020 calls for an increase of 11,085,204 ha by 2020 to meet its own 18% goal

[2] Ongoing efforts in CRS and a publication from University of Calabar, Nigeria in June 2013 provides some information on recent efforts for ecological restoration and climate change mitigation

[3] Excluded from FLR targets because it falls under the 25% national forest cover goal – but this goal could be used for a Bonn Challenge commitment because the 18% is tied to 2020 whereas 25% is a national aspirational goal to comply with FAO recommendations for national forest cover

[4] Apply modern and indigenous soil defense and restoration techniques and sustainable land management practices, including dune fixation, windbreaks, dykes, biological and agroforestry (NV20ESD, page 72). Need to know extent of degraded lands and type to determine an existing FLR target.

[5] 1,000 ha per State * 36 states = 36,000 ha plantations

[6] The national land area (92,376,700 ha) would indicate that the planting of diversified biomass would require an increase from 2,771,301 ha to 18,475,340 ha to increase from 3% to 20% in 2020 à an increase of 15,704,039 ha

[i] NFP – page 26; [ii] NFP – page 57; [iii] NFP – page 60; [iv] NPE – page 19; [v] NPE – page 24; [vi] GGWSSI – page 48; [vii] GGWSSI – page 48; [viii] Fadeyi (2013); [ix] PGA Workshop Report – page 5; [x] Oyebo et al. – page 18; [xi] NV 20 – page 83; [xii] NV20ESD – page 12 and 72; [xiii] NV20ESD – page 62; [xiv] NV20 ESD – page 77; [xv] NV20ESD – page 76; [xvi] NV20AFS – page 43

Global Environment Facility (GEF)

  • 4907: GGW: Nigeria Erosion and Watershed Management Project (NEWMAP) (2012 – duration  72 months)
    • 12,000 ha sites/sub-watershed: measures dealing with erosion including natural regeneration, live fencing, bamboo[i] (mix of civil works and natural resource management activities) (component 1 budget: $0 grant + $340,230,000 co-financing = $340,230,000)
  • 5745: Sustainable Fuelwood Management in Nigeria (2014 – duration 60 months) (finance: $4,410,000 grant + $15,900,000 co-financing = $20,310,000) with component 1 including 50,000 ha forestlands under improved SFM for community-based sustainable fuelwood production (budget for component 1: $1,213,929 grant + $2,500,000 co-financing = $3,713,929)[ii]

Restoration Target: 62,000 ha

Watershed: 12,000 ha

SFM: 50,000 ha

[i] GEF 4907 request for CEO endorsement – page 3; [ii] GEF 5745 PIF – page 1


CRS Forestry Commission (accessed on 1/23/15). CSR Agencies: Cross River State Forestry Commission. http://www.crossriverstate.gov.ng/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=162:cross-river-state-forestry-commission&catid=120:agencies&Itemid=577

Fadeyi, Rotimi (Feb. 9, 2013). FG approves N10bn for shelter belt and afforestation council. National Mirror. http://nationalmirroronline.net/new/fg-approves-n10bn-for-shelter-belt-and-afforestation-council/

Federal Department of Forestry (accessed 1/22/2015). Vision. Federal Ministry of Environment. http://environment.gov.ng/index.php/about-moe/departments-agencies/technical-department/fdf

GEF 4907 (2012). GGW: Nigeria Erosion and Watershed Management Project (NEWMAP). http://www.thegef.org/gef/sites/thegef.org/files/gef_prj_docs/GEFProjectDocuments/Multi%20Focal%20Area/Nigeria%20-%20(4907)%20-%20GGW%20-%20Nigeria%20Erosion%20and%20Watershed%20Management%20Pro/04-10-12%20CEO%20Endorsement%20Request%20rev.pdf

GEF 5745 (2014). Sustainable Fuelwood Management in Nigeria. http://www.thegef.org/gef/sites/thegef.org/files/gef_prj_docs/GEFProjectDocuments/Multi%20Focal%20Area/Nigeria%20-%20(5745)%20-%20Sustainable%20Fuelwood%20Management%20in%20Nigeria/PIMS_5366_SFEM_NIG_PIF_v4.pdf

GGWP (accessed on 1/21/15). Great Green Wall Project. Ministry of Environment, Initiatives. http://environment.gov.ng/index.php/about-moe/initiative/great-green-wall-project

GGWSSI (Oct. 2012). Great Green Wall for the Sahara and Sahel Initiative, National Strategic Action Plan. Federal Republic of Nigeria, Ministry of Environment. http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/templates/great_green_wall/docs/NIGERIA-GGWSAP__FINAL_Oct_2012.pdf

National Agenda 21 (1999). Nigeria’s National Agenda 21. Federal Environmental Protection Agency. https://books.google.com/books?id=IPu2AAAAIAAJ&q=inauthor:%22Nigeria.+Federal+Environmental+Protection+Agency%22&dq=inauthor:%22Nigeria.+Federal+Environmental+Protection+Agency%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=s3PCVM6wL7aOsQTj0ICYCA&ved=0CEUQ6AEwBA

NFP (2006). National Forest Policy, 2006. Federal Ministry of Environment, Abuja, Nigeria. http://www.fao.org/forestry/15148-0c4acebeb8e7e45af360ec63fcc4c1678.pdf

NPE (1999). National Policy on Environment. Federal Government of Nigeria. http://environment.gov.ng/index.php/downloads/6-national-policy-on-environment/file

NV20 (Dec. 2009). Nigeria Vision 20:2020, Economic Transformation Blueprint. National Planning Commission. http://www.nationalplanning.gov.ng/images/docs/NationalPlans/nigeria-vision-20-20-20.pdf

NV20AFS (July 2009). Report on the Vision 2020, National Technical Working Group On Agriculture and Food Security. Nigeria Vision 2020 Program. http://www.nationalplanning.gov.ng/images/docs/NationalPlans/agriculturefoodsecurityntwgreport.pdf

NV20ESD (July 2009). Report of the Vision 2020, National Technical Working Group On Environment and Sustainable Development. Nigeria Vision 2020 Program. http://www.nationalplanning.gov.ng/images/docs/NationalPlans/Environment&SustainableDevtNTWGReport.pdf

Odigha, Odigha (n/a). Cross River State REDD+ at PGA Workshop. http://www.unredd.net/index.php?option=com_docman&task=doc_download&gid=9263&Itemid=53

Oyebo, Macarthy; Bisong, Francis; Morakinyo, Tunde (2010).  A Preliminary Assessment of the Conext for REDD in Nigeria. Commissioned by the Federal Ministry of Environment, the Cross River State Forestry Commission, and UNDP. http://www.unredd.net/index.php?option=com_docman&task=doc_download&gid=4129&Itemid=53

PGA Workshop Report (2013). Workshop Report, Participatory Governance Assessments, Consultative Workshop, 16-18 January 2013, Calabar – Nigeria. http://www.unredd.net/index.php?option=com_docman&Itemid=134&view=list&slug=pga-consultation-workshop-calabar-nigeria-16-18-january-2013-2728

R-PP (8/5/2014). REDD+ Readiness Preparation Proposal, Federal Republic of Nigeria. https://www.forestcarbonpartnership.org/sites/fcp/files/2014/september/Nigeria%20REDD%20R-PP_final%20%205%20Aug%202014.pdf