Existing domestic restoration targets

Existing targets:

703,572 ha

Forest land

Land where forest is, or is planned to become, the dominant land use

If the land is without trees, there are two options:

Planted forests and woodlots

Planting of trees on formerly forested land. Native species or exotics and for various purposes, fuel- wood, timber, building, poles, fruit production, etc.

Existing restoration targets

12,000 ha

Natural regeneration

Natural regeneration of formerly forested land. Often the site is highly degraded and no longer able to fulfill its past function – e.g. agriculture. If the site is heavily degraded and no longer has seed sources, some planting will probably be required.

Existing restoration targets

0 ha

If the land  is degraded forests:


Enhancement of existing forests and woodlands of diminished quality and stocking, e.g., by reducing fire and grazing and by liberation thinning, enrichment planting, etc.

Existing restoration targets

586,572 ha

5,000 ha

100,000 ha

Total: 691,572 ha

Agricultural land

Land which is being managed to produce food

If the land  is under permanent management:


Establishment and management of trees on active agricultural land (under shifting agriculture), either through planting or regeneration, to improve crop productivity, provide dry season fodder, increase soil fertility, enhance water retention, etc.

Existing restoration targets

0 ha

If it is under intermittent management:

Improved fallow

Establishment and management of trees on fallow agricultural land to improve productivity, e.g. through fire control, extending the fallow period, etc., with the knowledge and intention that eventually this land will revert back to active agriculture.

Existing restoration targets

0 ha

Protective land and buffers

Land that is vulnerable to, or critical in safeguarding against, catastrophic events

If degraded mangrove:

Mangrove restoration

Establishment or enhancement of mangroves along coastal areas and in estuaries.

Existing restoration targets

0 ha

If other protective land or buffer:

Watershed protection and erosion control

Establishment and enhancement of forests on very steep sloping land, along water courses, in areas that naturally flood and around critical water bodies.

Existing restoration targets

0 ha

More information

Detailed Analysis: Relevant Content for Nepal's Domestic Plans and Multilateral Programs

National Climate Strategies & Plans

  • Terai Arc Landscape: restoration/community management of forests
    • Strategy and Action Plan 2015-2025[i]
  • MSFP (2012) (Multi-stakeholder Forestry Program)
    • Increase community forestry: 100,000 ha (over 10 years)[ii]
    • Logic Framework Indicator O 4.3: area of degraded forest with improving forest condition (baseline tbd --> double baseline 10 years later)[iii]
  • LEDS (in process 2014): forestry – expand SFM and private forestry[iv]
  • National Forest Sector Strategy 2012-2022  (in process 2014)[v]
  • FSP (Forestry Sector Policy) (2000)
    • Strategies
      • Promote community forestry[vi]
      • Promote private forestry through plantations[vii]
      • Promote agroforestry techniques[viii]
      • Reforest degraded forest areas[ix]
  • NBSAP (2014) (National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan 2014-2020)
    • Forest Biodiversity – Strategy B3: programs to promote agroforestry and private forestry[x]
    • 5,000 ha restoration of degraded forests by 2020[xi]
  • National Land Use Policy (2012) – commit to maintain national forest cover at 40%[xii]
  • National Land Use Plan (in process) – directs implementation of NLU policy[xiii]
  • CCP (Climate Change Policy) (2011)
    • Policy: Climate friendly natural resources management à programs on SFM and agroforestry, and encouraging carbon sequestration[xiv]
  • MoFSC – Dept. of Forests (DoF)
    • Community Forestry: 1,652,654 ha (as of Sep. 2011)[1]: Impacts include restoring degraded forest land, etc.

Restoration Target: 105,000 ha

  • Restoration: 5,000 ha
  • SFM: 100,000 ha

[1] The 1.652 Mha is not included in the total due to the timeframe of implementation.

[i] ER-PIN Annexes – page 10; [ii] MSFP briefing note – page 2; [iii] MSFP Logic Framework – page 6; [iv] ER-PIN Annexes – page 10; [v] ER-PIN Annexes – page 10; [vi] FSP – page 19; [vii] FSP – page 19; [viii] FSP – page 19; [ix] FSP – page 22; [x] NBSAP – page 81; [xi] NBSAP – page 104; [xii] ER-PIN Annexes – page 10; [xiii] ER-PIN Annexes – page 10; [xiv] CCP – page 9, 10

Emission Reductions Program Idea Note (ER-PIN)

  • Section 5.3: planned/ongoing activities under proposed ER program (2014)
    • Intervention 1:
      • Enhancing carbon stocks through SFM: 300,000[i] ha[1]
      • Improved SFM/carbon enhancement on community forests: 286,572[ii] ha
      • Cost: $143.816 M (10 years)[iii]
    • Intervention 4:
      • Private forests: 12,000 ha[iv]
      • Cost: $16.116 M (10 years)[v]
  • REDD program cost: $288 M over 10 years[vi]
    • ER-PIN GoN contribution: $127M over 10 years
    • Plan to generate $160 M in ER revenue over 10 years
    • Need initial $45 M investment for first 5 years

Restoration Target: 598,572 ha

  • SFM: 586,572 ha
  • A/R: 12,000 ha

[1] The total is based on a combination of government managed forests transferred to community forest management and new SFM practices

[i] ER-PIN – page 17; [ii] ER-PIN – page 16, 17; [iii] ER-PIN Annexes – page 23; [iv] ER-PIN – page 21; [v] ER-PIN Annexes – page 23; [vi] ER-PIN – page 32

Global Environment Facility (GEF)

  • 5203: Catalysing Ecosystem Restoration for Resilient Natural Capital and Rural Livelihoods in Degraded Forests and Rangelands of Nepal (2013)
    • Finance: $5.346 M grant + $11.473 M co-financing = $16.819 M
  • 5596: Sustainable Land Management in the Churia Range (2013) ($917,431 grant + $4,398,864 = $5,316,295)


CCP (2011). Climate Change Policy. Government of Nepal. https://ldcclimate.files.wordpress.com/2012/05/climate-change-policy-eng-nep.pdf

DoF (n.d.). Department of Forestry, Community Forestry Division. MoFSC. http://dof.gov.np/dof_community_forest_division/community_forestry_dof

ER-PIN (2014). People and Forests – An SMF-Based Emission Reduction Program in Nepal’s Terai Arc Landscape. FCPF. https://www.forestcarbonpartnership.org/sites/fcp/files/2014/MArch/Nepal%20ER-PIN%20CF9.pdf

ER-PIN Annexes (2014). People and Forests – An SMF-Based Emission Reduction Program in Nepal’s Terai Arc Landscape. https://www.forestcarbonpartnership.org/sites/fcp/files/2014/MArch/March/Nepal%20ER-PIN%20Annexes%20CF9%20%28Final%29.pdf

FSP (2000). Forestry Sector Policy. Ministry of Forests and Soil Conservation, Kathmandu. http://www.forestaction.org/app/webroot/js/tinymce/editor/plugins/filemanager/files/Forestry_Sector_Policy_2000.pdf

GEF 5203 (2013). Catalysing Ecosystem Restoration for Resilient Natural Capital and Rural Livelihoods in Degraded Forests and Rangelands of Nepal. http://www.thegef.org/gef/project_detail?projID=5203

GEF 5596 (2013). Sustainable Land Management in the Churia Range. http://www.thegef.org/gef/project_detail?projID=5596

MSFP (n.d.). Multi Stakeholder Forestry Programme, Expected Results. http://www.msfp.org.np/expected-results-28.html

MSFP Briefing Note (2012). Multi Stakeholder Forestry Programme, Briefing Note. http://www.msfp.org.np/uploads/cmsfiles/file/MSFP%20Briefing%20Note_20120814094934.pdf

MSFP Logical Framework (n.d.). Logical Framework. http://www.msfp.org.np/uploads/cmsfiles/file/Logical%20Framework_20120423112151.pdf

NBSAP (2014). National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan 2014-2020. Government of Nepal, Ministry of Forests and Soil Conservation, Singhadurbar, Kathmandu, Nepal. http://www.cbd.int/doc/world/np/np-nbsap-v2-en.pdf

R-PP (2010). National Readiness Preparation Proposal, REDD, 2010-2013. Government of Nepal, Ministry of Forests and Soil Conservation. FCPF. https://www.forestcarbonpartnership.org/sites/forestcarbonpartnership.org/files/Documents/PDF/Oct2010/R-PP_Nepal_revised_October.pdf