Existing domestic restoration targets

Existing targets:

10,475,077 ha

Forest land

Land where forest is, or is planned to become, the dominant land use

If the land is without trees, there are two options:

Planted forests and woodlots

Planting of trees on formerly forested land. Native species or exotics and for various purposes, fuel- wood, timber, building, poles, fruit production, etc.

Existing restoration targets

3,357,130 ha

170,000 ha

100,000 ha

Total: 3,627,130 ha

Natural regeneration

Natural regeneration of formerly forested land. Often the site is highly degraded and no longer able to fulfill its past function – e.g. agriculture. If the site is heavily degraded and no longer has seed sources, some planting will probably be required.

Existing restoration targets

0 ha

If the land  is degraded forests:

Silviculture

Enhancement of existing forests and woodlands of diminished quality and stocking, e.g., by reducing fire and grazing and by liberation thinning, enrichment planting, etc.

Existing restoration targets

1,497,947 ha

3,000,000 ha

2,300,000 ha

Total: 6,797,847 ha

Agricultural land

Land which is being managed to produce food

If the land  is under permanent management:

Agroforestry

Establishment and management of trees on active agricultural land (under shifting agriculture), either through planting or regeneration, to improve crop productivity, provide dry season fodder, increase soil fertility, enhance water retention, etc.

Existing restoration targets

0 ha

If it is under intermittent management:

Improved fallow

Establishment and management of trees on fallow agricultural land to improve productivity, e.g. through fire control, extending the fallow period, etc., with the knowledge and intention that eventually this land will revert back to active agriculture.

Existing restoration targets

0 ha

Protective land and buffers

Land that is vulnerable to, or critical in safeguarding against, catastrophic events

If degraded mangrove:

Mangrove restoration

Establishment or enhancement of mangroves along coastal areas and in estuaries.

Existing restoration targets

10,000 ha

If other protective land or buffer:

Watershed protection and erosion control

Establishment and enhancement of forests on very steep sloping land, along water courses, in areas that naturally flood and around critical water bodies.

Existing restoration targets

40,000 ha

More information

Detailed Analysis: Relevant Content for Mexico's Domestic Plans and Multilateral Programs

REDD+ Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PP)

  • Section 2b REDD Strategy Options (2010)
    • Mitigation Measure: actions to restore at least 12,000,000 ha[1] of degraded forest back to productivity[i]
  • Annex 2a – section 5: The Operative Programs of Forestry Policy
    • Community Silviculture (CONAFOR-PROCYMAF[2])
    • 2.27 Mha of forest/jungle have been incorporated into program since 2003[ii]

[1] Not counted as it is no an official government target

[2] Proyecto de Conservacion y Manejo Sustenable de Recursos Forestales de Mexico (The Conservation and Sustainable Management of Forest Resources in Mexico)

[i] R-PP page 28; [ii] R-PP page 94

REDD+ Strategy (ENAREDD+) (April 2014)

  • There are no relevant FLR figures but ENAREDD+ makes reference to the following 2020 milestone for REDD+:"The national rate of forest degradation compared to the reference level has been significantly reduced"[i]

[i] ENAREDD+ - page 36

Emission Reductions Program Idea Note (ER-PIN)

  • Section 5: activities and interventions planned under the proposed ER program (2014)
    • Jallisco Coastal Basin: community forestry including recovery of degraded areas and agroforestry[i]
    • Lacandon Jungle, Chiapas: reforestation with commercially viable pioneer species (regeneration of jungles), restoration of rivers and arroyos including ‘reforestation of contiguous areas’[ii]
    • Yucatan Peninsula: promotion of forest regeneration in managed tropical zones[iii]
  • Financing plan: National Contribution section includes financing for activities including community forestry and reforestation. The following finance is from 4 different States in Mexico (Jalisco, Yucatan, Campeche, Quintana Roo).
    • 2012: $38.8 M[iv]
    • 2013: $30.9 M

[i] ER-PIN page 31; [ii] ER-PIN page 31; [iii] ER-PIN page 33; [iv] ER-PIN annex 10 – page 2

Forest Investment Program (FIP) (2011)

Investment Plan of Mexico (2011)

  • Project 1: Capacity building for sustainable forest landscapes management
    • Objective includes program implementation in priority forest landscapes that leads to SFM that enhances forest carbon stocks[i]
    • Budget $15.66 M
  • Project 2: Mitigation resilience and sustainable profitability in forest landscapes
    • Promotes investments in SFM that includes landscape restoration[ii]
    • Promotes investment in rural productive mosaics including agroforestry, A/R, and silvopastoral systems[iii]
    • Budget $26.34 M

[i] FIP Annexes page 3; [ii] FIP Annexes page 3; [iii] FIP page 40

Global Environment Facility (GEF)

  • GEF (4149): Mitigating Climate Change through SFM and Capacity Building in the Southern States of Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, and Oaxaca)
    • Component 2: 100,000 ha reforestation in project areas[i]
    • Finance: $18.525 M
    • Start: July 2011   Project Closing: June 2016
  • GEF (4792): Conservation of coastal watershed to achieve multiple global environmental benefits in the context of changing environments (60 month duration with PIF approval in 2012)
    • Expected outcome (5.2): restoration and enhancement of carbon stocks in forests[ii]
    • Financing for 5.2: $112,796,874
  • GEF (5751): Maintaining and Increasing Carbon Stocks in Agro-silvopastoral Systems in Rural Communities of the Selva El Ocote Bioshpere Reserve as a Climate Change Mitigation Strategy (Chiapas).
    • Description: to maintain and increase carbon stocks through adopting sustainable management practices
    • No details yet available online

Restoration Target: 100,000 ha

[i] GEF 4149 PIF page 1; [ii] GEF 4792 PIF page 1

National Climate Strategies & Plans

  • National Forestry Strategy Program 2025 (2001) (2nd Revision in 2009)
    • Sustainable Forest Development Objectives 2001-2025
      • 5 Mha of degraded areas are restored through reforestation and reconversion of marginal agricultural areas[i]
  • National Forest Program 2014-2018 (PNF) (2014)
    • Goal 2: Promote the conservation and restoration of forest ecosystems
      • Goal is in line with Objective 4 from PROMARNAT: Retrieve the functionality of watersheds and landscapes through conservation, restoration and sustainable use of natural heritage, by incorporating woodlands to sustainable forest management schemes, integration of best forestry practices and biodiversity conservation that enhance productivity and conservation of natural capital.
      • Indicator 4: From 2013-2018 forest area incorporated into PES will increase
        • Base line (2013): 0% to Goal (2018): 10.2%
        • Increase of 288,597 ha
      • Indicator 5: percentage of forest cover area rehabilitated or restored (from the 18.3 Mha identified as priority for forest restoration processes
        • 2018 goal: 5.45% of 18.3 Mha is rehabilitated or restored
          • 997,350 ha
  • PECC (Special Program on Climate Change 2014-2018)
    • Goals
  • PECC (Special Program on Climate Change 2009-2012)
    • Goals[1]: totaling 7,969,130 ha
      • 3,000,000 ha under SFM[ii]
      • 2,300,000 ha - establish community forestry systems[iii]
      • Restoration & Reforestation: 2,669,130 ha
        • 170,000 ha commercial forest plantations[iv]
        • 125,000 ha reconversion of corn à forest production[v]
        • 1,117,000 ha reforestation[vi]
        • 418,130 ha reforestation with restoration of soils[vii]
        • 170,000 ha forest ecosystem restoration (environmental compensation program)[viii]
        • 42,000 ha ecosystem restoration in protected areas[ix]
        • 10,000 ha restore/reforest mangrove[x]
        • 2,000 ha restore/reforest coastal dunes[xi]
        • 40,000 ha restore highly vulnerable banks[xii]
        • 575,000 ha reforestation with soil restoration[xiii]
  • National Climate Change Strategy (2013)
    • Multiple references to restoration and reforestation but there are no actual FLR targets

CONAFOR restoration and reforestation programs (referred to in the FIP) have restored 3 Mha[2] between 2007-2012[xiv]

Restoration Target: 10,375,077 ha

  • Restoration: 1,497,947 ha
  • A/R: 3,357,130 ha
  • SFM: 3,000,000 ha
  • Community Forestry: 2,300,000 ha
  • Plantations: 170,000 ha
  • Mangrove: 10,000 ha
  • Watershed: 40,000 ha

[1] The PECC 2009-12 goals are not counted toward the total because it is unclear how much was done during the program’s timeline and what may be carried over to the new PECC 2014-2018

[2] The 3 Mha in CONAFOR is not included in the total because it is unclear how many hectares were restored post-2010

[i] National Forestry Program 2025 – page 47; [ii] PECC page 43; [iii] PECC page 58; [iv] PECC page 43; [v] PECC page 41; [vi] PECC page 43; [vii] PECC page 43; [viii] PECC page 43; [ix] PECC page 60; [x] PECC page 62; [xi] PECC page 62; [xii] PECC page 62; [xiii] PECC page 63; [xiv] FIP page 23

Sources

ER-PIN (April 2014). Emissions Reductions Program Idea Note, Mexico, Emission Reductions Initiative. FCPF. https://www.forestcarbonpartnership.org/sites/fcp/files/2014/February/Mexico%20ER-PIN%20CF9%20English.pdf

FIP (2011). Investment Plan of Mexico. Forest Investment Program, FIP/SC.7/5/Rev.1. https://www.climateinvestmentfunds.org/cif/sites/climateinvestmentfunds.org/files/FIP%205%20Mexico%20IP.pdf

GEF 4149 (2010). Mitigating Climate Change through Sustainable Forest Management and Capacity Building in the Southern States of Mexico (States of Campeche, Chiapas and Oaxaca).

http://www.thegef.org/gef/sites/thegef.org/files/gef_prj_docs/GEFProjectDocuments/Climate%20Change/Mexico%20-%20(4149)%20-%20Mitigating%20Climate%20Change%20through%20Sustainable%20Fore/12-07-09%20-ID4149%20Revised%20PIF.pdf

GEF (4792). Conservation of coastal watershed to achieve multiple global environmental benefits in the context of changing environments.  http://www.thegef.org/gef/sites/thegef.org/files/gef_prj_docs/GEFProjectDocuments/Multi%20Focal%20Area/Mexico%20-%20(4792)%20-%20Conservation%20of%20Coastal%20Watersheds%20in%20Changing%20Env/4-11-2012%20Mexico%20MFA%20coastal%20watersheds%20PIF.pdf

GEF (5751). Maintaining and Increasing Carbon Stocks in Agro-silvopastoral Systems in Rural Communities of the Selva El Ocote Bioshpere Reserve as a Climate Change Mitigation Strategy (Chiapas). http://www.thegef.org/gef/project_detail?projID=5751

National Climate Change Strategy (2013). Estrategia Nacional de Cambio Climatico, Vision 10-20-40 (ENCC). Gobierno la Republica. http://theredddesk.org/sites/default/files/Estrategia%20Nacional%20Cambio%20Clim%C3%A1tico%202013.pdf

National Forestry Strategy Program 2025 (2001). Programa Estrategico Forestal para Mexico 2025. National Forestry Commission (CONAFOR). http://theredddesk.org/sites/default/files/pef_2025_1.pdf

National REDD+ Strategy (April 2014). http://www.bicusa.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/ENAREDD-abril-2014.pdf

R-PP (2010). Readiness Preparation Proposal for Mexico. FCPF. http://www.forestcarbonpartnership.org/sites/forestcarbonpartnership.org/files/Documents/PDF/Mar2010/Mexico_120211_R-PP_Template_with_disclaimer.pdf

PECC (2009). Special Program on Climate Change. Comision Intersecretarial de Cambio Climatico. http://theredddesk.org/sites/default/files/pecc_2009-2012.pdf `

PNF (2014). National Forest Program 2014-2018. http://www.dof.gob.mx/nota_detalle.php?codigo=5342498&fecha=28/04/2014