Existing domestic restoration targets

Existing targets:

7,586,850 ha

Forest land

Land where forest is, or is planned to become, the dominant land use

If the land is without trees, there are two options:

Planted forests and woodlots

Planting of trees on formerly forested land. Native species or exotics and for various purposes, fuel- wood, timber, building, poles, fruit production, etc.

Existing restoration targets

10,000 ha

4,850 ha

32,000 ha

Total: 46,850 ha

Natural regeneration

Natural regeneration of formerly forested land. Often the site is highly degraded and no longer able to fulfill its past function – e.g. agriculture. If the site is heavily degraded and no longer has seed sources, some planting will probably be required.

Existing restoration targets

1,040,000 ha

6,000,000 ha

Total: 7,040,000 ha

If the land  is degraded forests:

Silviculture

Enhancement of existing forests and woodlands of diminished quality and stocking, e.g., by reducing fire and grazing and by liberation thinning, enrichment planting, etc.

Existing restoration targets

500,000 ha

Agricultural land

Land which is being managed to produce food

If the land  is under permanent management:

Agroforestry

Establishment and management of trees on active agricultural land (under shifting agriculture), either through planting or regeneration, to improve crop productivity, provide dry season fodder, increase soil fertility, enhance water retention, etc.

Existing restoration targets

0 ha

If it is under intermittent management:

Improved fallow

Establishment and management of trees on fallow agricultural land to improve productivity, e.g. through fire control, extending the fallow period, etc., with the knowledge and intention that eventually this land will revert back to active agriculture.

Existing restoration targets

0 ha

Protective land and buffers

Land that is vulnerable to, or critical in safeguarding against, catastrophic events

If degraded mangrove:

Mangrove restoration

Establishment or enhancement of mangroves along coastal areas and in estuaries.

Existing restoration targets

0 ha

If other protective land or buffer:

Watershed protection and erosion control

Establishment and enhancement of forests on very steep sloping land, along water courses, in areas that naturally flood and around critical water bodies.

Existing restoration targets

0 ha

More information

Detailed Analysis: Relevant Content for Lao PDR's Domestic Plans and Multilateral Programs

REDD+ Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PP)

Section 2b - Strategy Options: (Dec. 2010)

  • Expansion of cash crops and tree plantations[i]
    • Reducing deforestation and promoting forest protection, regeneration and restoration by smallholders[ii]
  • Carbon sequestration through forest regeneration and reforestation[iii]
  • Improved extension to ethnic group communities on agroforestry[iv]
  • Private sector support for agroforestry and improved livelihoods and rehabilitation/restoration[v]
  • Budget for Readiness Implementation: Land use planning – Forest restoration: $1,500,000 (2010-2013)[vi]

[i] R-PP – page 41; [ii] R-PP – page 43; [iii] R-PP – page 51; [iv] R-PP – page 49; [v] R-PP – page 50; [vi] R-PP – page 88

National Climate Strategies & Plans

  • FS 2020 (Forest Strategy to the year 2020) (July 2005)
    • 6,000,000 ha ANR[i]
    • 500,000 ha planted trees[1] in degraded forest area[2]
    • National Forest Cover return to 70% by 2020[3]
  • 8th NSEDP 2016-2020 (Five Year National Socio-Economic Development Plan VIII)
    • Outcome 3, Output 1: Environmental protection and sustainable natural resources management – Targets:
      • Reach 70% national forest cover by 2020[ii]
      • Reforestation area reaches 1.5 Mha by 2020[4]

Restoration Target: 6,500,000 ha

  • ANR: 6,000,000 ha
  • Enrichment Planting: 500,000 ha

[1] In the Forestry Sector Performance Indicators ( FS 2020 Review Report (2014) it can be noted that in response to the 500,000 ha tree planting target almost 80% of plantations in degraded and unstocked forest areas are rubber trees.

[2] 40% of the 3.1 Mha production forest area is badly degraded = 1,240,000 ha degraded production forest

[3] The FS 2020 states that forest cover (>20% canopy density) was 41.5% in the 2005 publication, and in 2000 reported to FAO that forest cover was 54%. At the same time as publication of the FS 2020 Lao reported in the FRA 2005 that forest cover was at 69.9%. The Lao Environmental Outlook 2012 (MONRE) showed that according to the FAO Lao PDR had 15.8 Mha forests in 2010 (page 43), and with a national land area of 23,080,000 ha puts the national forest cover at 68.4%. Based on the 15.8 Mha figure an increase of 356,000 ha is necessary to reach the 70% goal by 2020. The final number is entirely dependent on which forest definition Lao is using for its 2020 goal.  The FIP plan in 2011 puts the national forest cover at 40% (9,232,000 ha) which would mean Lao needs to increase forest cover by 6,924,000 ha to reach 70%  (16,156,000 ha) which is just about the same increase (6.5 Mha) indicated by activities/targets in the FS2020. Finally, the 8th NSEDP states that the forest baseline area for the 70% target is 9.5 Mha in 2012 (40%) with a 2015 target of 65% and ultimately the 70% target for 2020 (NSEDP – page 164).The NSEDP baseline when paired with the Lao land area of 16.156 Mha means an increase of 6.656 Mha from 2012-2020 would be required to reach 70% forest cover which again is close to the 6.5 Mha of ANR and tree planting called for in the FS 2020.

[4] What portion of the 1.5 Mha by 2020 has already been reforested is not specified and will therefore not be counted toward the restoration target total

[i] FS 2020 – page 49; [ii] NSEDP – page 121, 163

Forest Investment Program (FIP)

  • Reiterates FS2020 targets
  • $30 M (FIP grant)
  • Leverage Funding: $128.41 M[i] (mix of grants, loans, in kind, private investment)
  • Supporting projects for the FS2020 (timeframe 1-7 years)
    • Upscaling participatory sustainable forest management
    • Smallholder forestry
    • Protecting forests for sustainable ecosystem services
  • Features of  FIP projects (Oct. 2011)
    • Forest restoration[1]: 4,850 ha[ii]
    • Woodlots: 32,000 ha[iii]
  • FIP outputs: all forest areas under SFM in 2-7 years[iv]

Restoration Target: 36,850 ha

  • Restoration: 4,850 ha
  • Woodlots: 32,000 ha

[1] Replication potential for restoration on 422,000 ha

[i] FIP – page 44; [ii] FIP – page 38; [iii] FIP – page 60; [iv] FIP – page 46

Global Environment Facility (GEF)

  • 6940 (PIF): Sustainable Forest and Land Management in the Dry Dipterocarp Forest Ecosystems of Southern Lao PDR (2014 for 72 months) ($10.8 M grant + $54.7 M co-financing = $65.5)
    • Reduce Degradation in forest landscape: 1,040,000 ha[i]: 
      • Promotion of SFM/SLM
    • Restoration:10,000 ha degraded forest[ii]

Restoration Target: 1,050,000 ha

  • SFM: 1,040,000 ha
  • Restoration: 10,000 ha

[i] GEF 6940 – page 1, 6, 11; [ii] GEF 6940 – page 1, 10, 12

Sources

FIP (Oct. 2011). Forest Investment Program (FIP) Lao Investment Plan. Climate Investment Funds. http://www.climateinvestmentfunds.org/cif/sites/climateinvestmentfunds.org/files/FIP%204%20Lao%20PDR%20IP.pdf

FS2020 (July 2005). Forestry Strategy to the Year 2020 of the Lao PDR. http://theredddesk.org/sites/default/files/forestry-strategy-to-the-year-2020-of-the-lao-pdr.pdf

FSPI (2015). Forestry Sector Performance Indicators 2014, Forestry Strategy of the year 2020, Review Report Part II. Forestry Sector Capacity Development Project.

GEF 6940 (2014). PIF: Sustainable Forest and Land Management in the Dry Dipterocarp Forest Ecosystems of Southern Lao PDR. http://www.thegef.org/gef/sites/thegef.org/files/gef_prj_docs/GEFProjectDocuments/Multi%20Focal%20Area/Lao%20PDR%20-%20(6940)%20-%20Sustainable%20Forest%20and%20Land%20Management%20in%20the%20Dry/8-22-14_-_Rev_PIF_PPG_doc.pdf

NSEDP (2/25/15). Five Year National Socio-Economic Development Plan VIII (2016-2020), 5th Draft, Translation Edit 01. Ministry of Planning and Investment, Lao PDR.

R-PP (Dec. 2010). Readiness Preparation Proposal, Lao PDR. FCPF. https://www.forestcarbonpartnership.org/sites/forestcarbonpartnership.org/files/Documents/PDF/Sep2011/Lao%20R-PP%20Final%20draft%20revised%2021%20DEC%202010-CLEAN.pdf