Existing domestic restoration targets

Existing targets:

4,210,000 ha

Forest land

Land where forest is, or is planned to become, the dominant land use

If the land is without trees, there are two options:

Planted forests and woodlots

Planting of trees on formerly forested land. Native species or exotics and for various purposes, fuel- wood, timber, building, poles, fruit production, etc.

Existing restoration targets

4,100,000 ha

Natural regeneration

Natural regeneration of formerly forested land. Often the site is highly degraded and no longer able to fulfill its past function – e.g. agriculture. If the site is heavily degraded and no longer has seed sources, some planting will probably be required.

Existing restoration targets

0 ha

If the land  is degraded forests:


Enhancement of existing forests and woodlands of diminished quality and stocking, e.g., by reducing fire and grazing and by liberation thinning, enrichment planting, etc.

Existing restoration targets

10,000 ha

Agricultural land

Land which is being managed to produce food

If the land  is under permanent management:


Establishment and management of trees on active agricultural land (under shifting agriculture), either through planting or regeneration, to improve crop productivity, provide dry season fodder, increase soil fertility, enhance water retention, etc.

Existing restoration targets

100,000 ha

If it is under intermittent management:

Improved fallow

Establishment and management of trees on fallow agricultural land to improve productivity, e.g. through fire control, extending the fallow period, etc., with the knowledge and intention that eventually this land will revert back to active agriculture.

Existing restoration targets

0 ha

Protective land and buffers

Land that is vulnerable to, or critical in safeguarding against, catastrophic events

If degraded mangrove:

Mangrove restoration

Establishment or enhancement of mangroves along coastal areas and in estuaries.

Existing restoration targets

0 ha

If other protective land or buffer:

Watershed protection and erosion control

Establishment and enhancement of forests on very steep sloping land, along water courses, in areas that naturally flood and around critical water bodies.

Existing restoration targets

0 ha

More information

Detailed Analysis: Relevant Content for Kenya's Domestic Plans and Multilateral Programs

REDD+ Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PP)

  • Priority Area 4: Enhancement of carbon stocks (August 2010)
    • Increase forest area by 4,100,000 ha[1] by 2030[i]

[1] Target included in NCCRS

[i] R-PP page 41

National Climate Strategies & Plans

  • NCCRS – National Climate Change Response Strategy (2010)
    • Plant 7.6 billion trees[i] - A/R for additional 4,100,000 ha of forest cover
    • Forest Restoration and Conservation Programme and Projects
      • Est. Cost Per Year: $60.7 M[ii] (for 20 years)
      • Rehab and restoration of all degraded forests and riverine vegetation
    • Promotion on conservation-agriculture, agroforestry and tree-based intercropping (Est. Cost Per Year: $9 M for 20 years)[iii]
  • Vision 2030 – increase forest cover to 10%[1]

Restoration Target: 4,100,000 ha

[1] Remote sensing work indicates Kenya has 6.6% forest cover (in 2013) which is 3.756 Mha. Therefore, to reach the 10% goal Kenya needs to increase it forest area by 1.935 Mha to reach 10% forest cover.

[i] NCCRS page 59; [ii] NCCRS page 109; [iii] NCCRS page 108

Global Environment Facility (GEF)

  • 5272: PIF - Scaling up sustainable land management and agrobiodiversity conservation to reduce environmental degradation in small scale agriculture in Western Kenya (submitted 12/2/2013 – project duration of 60 months)
    • Strengthen SFM – Target 15 - restore 10,000 ha[i] of degraded forests (activity included among Project Component 2 with a budget of $3.65 M)
    • Target 7 – 100,000 ha[ii] under SLM (includes agroforestry)
    • Funding: $3,650,210 (for Component 2 and activities above)

Restoration Target: 110,000 ha

  • SFM: 10,000 ha
  • Agroforestry: 100,000 ha

[i] GEF – PIF - Project ID 5272 – page 3; [ii] GEF – PIF – Project ID 5272 – page 3 


GEF (12/2/2013). PIF: Scaling up sustainable land management and agrobiodiversity conservation to reduce environmental degradation in small scale agriculture win Western Kenya.  http://www.thegef.org/gef/sites/thegef.org/files/gef_prj_docs/GEFProjectDocuments/Multi%20Focal%20Area/Kenya%20-%20(5272)%20-%20Scaling%20up%20Sustainable%20Land%20Management%20and%20Agrobio/04-5-13%20PIF%20Document%20Revised.pdf

National Climate Change Response Strategy (April 2010). Government of Kenya. http://cdkn.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/National-Climate-Change-Response-Strategy_April-2010.pdf

R-PP (2010). Revised REDD Readiness Preparation Proposal, Kenya. FCPF. https://www.forestcarbonpartnership.org/sites/forestcarbonpartnership.org/files/Documents/PDF/Oct2010/Revised%20RPP%20for%20Kenya.pdf