Existing domestic restoration targets

Existing targets:

 28,874,990 (+420,000) ha

Forest land

Land where forest is, or is planned to become, the dominant land use

If the land is without trees, there are two options:

Planted forests and woodlots

Planting of trees on formerly forested land. Native species or exotics and for various purposes, fuel- wood, timber, building, poles, fruit production, etc.

Existing restoration targets

10,802,200 ha (+200,000)

5,750,000 ha

13,790 ha

Total: 16,565,990 (+200,000) ha

Natural regeneration

Natural regeneration of formerly forested land. Often the site is highly degraded and no longer able to fulfill its past function – e.g. agriculture. If the site is heavily degraded and no longer has seed sources, some planting will probably be required.

Existing restoration targets


If the land  is degraded forests:


Enhancement of existing forests and woodlands of diminished quality and stocking, e.g., by reducing fire and grazing and by liberation thinning, enrichment planting, etc.

Existing restoration targets

5,500,000 ha

550,000 ha

100,000 (+200,000) ha

60,000 ha

25,000 ha

Total: 6,235,000 (+200,000) ha

Agricultural land

Land which is being managed to produce food

If the land  is under permanent management:


Establishment and management of trees on active agricultural land (under shifting agriculture), either through planting or regeneration, to improve crop productivity, provide dry season fodder, increase soil fertility, enhance water retention, etc.

Existing restoration targets

20,000 (+20,000) ha

If it is under intermittent management:

Improved fallow

Establishment and management of trees on fallow agricultural land to improve productivity, e.g. through fire control, extending the fallow period, etc., with the knowledge and intention that eventually this land will revert back to active agriculture.

Existing restoration targets


Protective land and buffers

Land that is vulnerable to, or critical in safeguarding against, catastrophic events

If degraded mangrove:

Mangrove restoration

Establishment or enhancement of mangroves along coastal areas and in estuaries.

Existing restoration targets

40,000 ha

If other protective land or buffer:

Watershed protection and erosion control

Establishment and enhancement of forests on very steep sloping land, along water courses, in areas that naturally flood and around critical water bodies.

Existing restoration targets

3,550,000 ha

2,454,000 ha

10,000 ha

Total: 6,014,000 ha

More information

Detailed Analysis: Relevant Content for Indonesia's Domestic Plans and Multilateral Programs

REDD+ Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PP)

  • R-PP (May 2009) Component 6: Investment and capacity building requirements (2009-2012)
  • National level: testing strategies for restoration of peatlands
    • Estimated cost: $500 M
  • Annex 1:
  • Community Forest: primary objective is poverty alleviation and restoration of unproductive forest areas (focusing on restoring tree-cover)[1]
    • 2012 target[2]: 2 Mha[i]  (excluded for double counting purposes: use target from 2014 in National Climate Strategy)

[1] Timber production is not allowed, but NTFPs are and tree-based agricultural systems already established are permitted

[2] See update for 2014 target in National Climate Strategy section – Presidential Regulation 61

[i] R-PP Annex 1 for Component 1 – Land Use and Forest Policy – Page 3

REDD+ Strategy

  • REDD+ (June 2012) Strategic Program: Conservation and Rehabilitation
    • Implementation activity[i]: Restoration of forests and Rehabilitation of Peatlands
    • Timeline: 2011 onwards
  • Ecosystem Restoration Concessions (within Strategic program 3): estimate[1] of 6.5 Mha[ii] available for rehabilitation

[1] estimate is not included as an official target, but included here as a reference to the opportunity size

[i] REDD+ National Strategy – Chapter 3 – Section 1 – Implementation Phases – Table 3.1 – Page 36; [ii] 6.5 Mha is estimated in the Indonesia FIP document under Investment Area 6: Ecosystem Restoration Concessions. The document states that it is estimated that more than 6.5 Mha may be available for rehabilitation. Section 2.2.6 – Page 12

National Climate Strategies & Plans

  • 2nd National Communication (Nov. 2010)
  • Strategic Plan of the Ministry of Forestry (2009) for tree planting[i] 2010-2020
    • Forest Plantation: 5.8 Mha
    • Community Forest: 5.5 Mha
    • Forest Restoration: 5.75 Mha
    • Watershed Rehabilitation: 3.55 Mha
    • Partnership Forest: 0.55 Mha
  • Presidential Regulation 61: National Action Plan for GHG Emissions Reductions (RAN-GRK) (2011)
  • Agricultural Sector:
    • Develop Plantations[ii] (oil palm, rubber, cacao) on non-forested, abandoned, degraded, and/or Other use areas
    • Oil palm: 860,000 ha ; Rubber: 105,200 ha ; Cacao: 687,000 ha
  • Forestry & Peatland Sector
    • Forest Area Utilization: Business License for Timber Forest Products, Natural Forest/Ecosystem Restoration on Logged Over Area – 2.5 Mha [1] (2010-2014)[iii]
    • Developing Ag land management on degraded peat land areas to support plantations, animals and other horticulture: 250k ha (2011-2014)[iv]
    • Implementation of a forest and land rehabilitation and forest reclamation in the prioritized watersheds (2010-2014)[v]
      • 500,000 ha of forest in prioritized watersheds are rehabilitated
      • Critical areas of 1.954 Mha in prioritized watershed are rehabilitated
      • 40,000 ha of Mangrove/coastal forest is rehabilitated
    • Develop Social Forestry: Designate Community/Village[2] Forest management work area: 2.5 Mha [3] (2010-2014)[vi]
    • Enhancement of Plantation Forest Business: Industrial plantation forest (HTI) and people’s plantation forest (HTR): 3 Mha (2010-2014)[vii]

Restoration Target: 28,546,200 ha

Plantation: 10,702,200 ha

Restoration: 5,750,000 ha

Community Forest/Silviculture: 6,050,000 ha

Watershed: 6,004,000 ha

Mangrove: 40,000 ha

[1] the 2.5 Mha in restoration is considered already accounted for in the targets contained within the 2nd National Communication

[2] Timber production is allowed in Village Forests

[3] the 2.5 Mha in community forestry is considered already accounted for in the targets contained within the 2nd National Communcation

[i] 2nd National Communication – Table 5.11 – Page V-23; [ii] Pres. Reg. 61 RAN-GRK – Attachment 1 – Agricultural Sector – Page 3 (page 14 of 56); [iii] Pres. Reg. 61 RAN-GRK – Attachment 1 – Forestry and Peatland Sectors – Page 5 (16 of 56); [iv] Pres. Reg. 61 RAN-GRK – Attachment 1 – Forestry and Peatland Sectors – Page 6  (17 of 56); [v] Pres. Reg. 61 RAN-GRK – Attachment 1 – Forestry and Peatland Sectors – Page 7 (18 of 56); [vi] Pres. Reg. 61 RAN-GRK – Attachment 1 – Forestry and Peatland Sectors – Page 7 (18 of 56); [vii] Pres. Reg. 61 RAN-GRK – Attachment 1 – Forestry and Peatland Sectors – Page 9 (20 of 56)

Emission Reductions Program Idea Note (ER-PIN)

  • ER Program (Sep. 2014) Design Phase – Oct. 2014 (18-24 months)
  • ER activities begin 2016 until at least 2030 (expected to be active over at least the next 30 years)
  • ER program to operate in 7 districts (12.5 Mha area; 4.1 Mha forest area)
    • Kutai Barat - Activity[i]: protection and restoration of forests in mining concessions
    • Kapuas[ii]
      • Allocation of KH (Forest Estate) areas for ecosystem restoration and REDD+ activities
      • Support for community-based reforestation of degraded forests and peatland
    • Merangin[iii] - Programs to address forest and land rehabilitation
    • Bungo[iv]
      • Expanding agroforestry practices
      • Activities linked to forest and land rehabilitation
    • Donggala and Tolitoli[v] - Forest and land rehabilitation
  • Utilize PNPM Green (financing instrument)[vi]
    • Activities that have been financed in the past include: agroforestry, tree planting, and reforestation

[i] ER-PIN section 5.3 – page 24; [ii] ER-PIN section 5.3 – page 25 & 26; [iii] ER-PIN section 5.3 – page 25; [iv] ER-PIN section 5.3 – page 25; [v] ER-PIN section 5.3 – page 25; [vi] ER-PIN section 25.1 Benefit Sharing – page 48

Forest Investment Program (FIP)

  • The FIP (2012) activities will support 3 themes
    • Theme 1: Institutional development for SFM and NRM which supports forest management activities carried out by the KPH (Forest Management Units) institutions – including forest and land rehabilitation
    • Theme 2: Forest Enterprises and CBFM which includes upstream interventions like SFM and ecosystem restoration, plantation management on degraded forests
    • Theme 3: Community land use planning and livelihoods development with activities like setting up fund to pilot performance-based incentive REDD+ schemes that include ANR
      • Project 1: Community-Focused Investments to Address Deforestation and Forest Degradation (CFI-ADD+) Budget ($17.5 M + $6 M co-financing) = $23.5 M
    • Project will reduce deforestation and forest degradation while identifying opportunities for forest restoration across KPHs in targeted districts in West Kalimantan[i]
      • Project 2: Strengthening Forestry Enterprises to Mitigate Carbon Emissions - Budget: ($2.5 M grant + 32.5 loan + $99 M expected co-financing) = $134 M with the following Initiatives[ii]:
    • Ecosystem Restoration[1]: 100-300k ha in West & Central Kalimantan
    • Community Forestry/Agroforestry: 20-40k ha in Aceh, Java, Sulawesi, West Kalimantan
    • Plantation Management: 100-300k ha in West/East Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and Sumatra

Restoration Target: 220,000 (+420,000) ha

Restoration (Silviculture): 100,000 (+200,000) ha

Agroforestry: 20,000 (+20,000) ha

Plantation: 100,000 (+200,000) ha

[1] Restoration via strict protection and/or SFM

[i] FIP – section A1.1.7 Rationale for FIP Financing – page 54; [ii] FIP – table A1.3.1 – page 73

Global Environment Facility (GEF)

  • Project 5285: Strengthening forest and ecosystem connectivity in RIMBA landscape of central Sumatra through investing in natural capital, biodiversity conservation, and land-based emission reductions (from 2013 for 72 months)
  • Large-scale demonstration of the RIMBA Green Economy for forests, water, carbon and biodiversity
    • Indicators of viability and replicability of investing in the RIMBA forests and its natural capital in 9 districts[i]
      • 13,790 ha restored forests in zones critical to biodiversity and ecosystem connectivity (outcome from investments 1, 2, and 3 below)
      • 10,000 ha peatland and/or peat forests rehabilitated (outcome from investment 2)
  • Investment 1: Reforestation of 3,290 ha of HCVF corridor sites[ii]
    • 60,000 ha under protection and SFM
    • Upland forest management and rehabilitation for 25,000 ha
  • Investment 2: Restoration of peatswamp, peat forests (10,000 ha)[iii]
  • Investment 3: Reforestation of 500 ha of catchment forest[iv]

Restoration Target: 108,790 ha

Reforestation: 13,790 ha

Watershed (peat): 10,000 ha

SFM/Silviculture: 60,000 ha

Forest Rehabilitation: 25,000 ha

[i] GEF – table B Indicative Project Framework – page 3; [ii] GEF – page 12; [iii] GEF – page 13; [iv] GEF- page 13


Climate Investment Funds (10/10/2012). Investment Plan for Indonesia. FIP/SC.9/6. https://www.climateinvestmentfunds.org/cif/sites/climateinvestmentfunds.org/files/FIP_6_Indonesia_0.pdf

ER-PIN Indonesia District Level REDD+ ER Program (09/05/2014). Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Carbon Fund. https://www.forestcarbonpartnership.org/sites/fcp/files/2014/september/Indonesia%20ER-PIN%20September_12_resubmitted_edit_final.pdf

GEF (04/05/2013). Strengthening forest and ecosystem connectivity in RIMBA landscape of central Sumatra through investing in natural capital, biodiversity conservation, and land-based emission reductions (‘RIMBA project’). http://www.thegef.org/gef/sites/thegef.org/files/gef_prj_docs/GEFProjectDocuments/Multi%20Focal%20Area/Indonesia%20-%20(5285)%20-%20Strengthening%20Forest%20and%20Ecosystem%20Connectivity%20in/UNEP%20GEF%20RIMBA%20PIF_05%20April%202013.pdf

Indonesia, Ministry of Forestry, Forestry and Research and Development Agency (FORDA)/Secretariat of IFCA (May 2009). R-PP Indonesia Draft Version 2. https://www.forestcarbonpartnership.org/sites/forestcarbonpartnership.org/files/Documents/PDF/Mar2010/Indonesia_Rplan_May2009_with_disclaimer.pdf

Indonesia Second National Communication Under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Ministry of Environment, Jakarta, Indonesia, November 2010. http://unfccc.int/files/national_reports/non-annex_i_natcom/submitted_natcom/application/pdf/indonesia_snc.pdf

Presidential Regulation of The Republic of Indonesia No. 61 Year 2011 on The National Action Plan for Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction (RAN-GRK). http://forestclimatecenter.org/files/2011-09-20%20Presidential%20Regulation%20No%2061%20on%20The%20National%20Action%20Plan%20for%20Greenhouse%20Gas%20Emission%20Reduction.pdf

REDD+ National Strategy, Indonesian REDD+ Task Force, Jakarta, Indonesia, June 2012. http://www.unorcid.org/upload/doc_lib/Indonesia%20REDD+%20National%20Strategy.pdf

R-PP (2009). R-Plan, Indonesia. FCPF. https://www.forestcarbonpartnership.org/sites/forestcarbonpartnership.org/files/Documents/PDF/Mar2010/Indonesia_Rplan_May2009_with_disclaimer.pdf