Existing domestic restoration targets

Existing targets:

825,026 ha

Forest land

Land where forest is, or is planned to become, the dominant land use

If the land is without trees, there are two options:

Planted forests and woodlots

Planting of trees on formerly forested land. Native species or exotics and for various purposes, fuel- wood, timber, building, poles, fruit production, etc.

Existing restoration targets

779 ha

243,349 ha

Total: 244,128 ha

Natural regeneration

Natural regeneration of formerly forested land. Often the site is highly degraded and no longer able to fulfill its past function – e.g. agriculture. If the site is heavily degraded and no longer has seed sources, some planting will probably be required.

Existing restoration targets

5,160 ha

If the land  is degraded forests:


Enhancement of existing forests and woodlands of diminished quality and stocking, e.g., by reducing fire and grazing and by liberation thinning, enrichment planting, etc.

Existing restoration targets

294,225 ha

Agricultural land

Land which is being managed to produce food

If the land  is under permanent management:


Establishment and management of trees on active agricultural land (under shifting agriculture), either through planting or regeneration, to improve crop productivity, provide dry season fodder, increase soil fertility, enhance water retention, etc.

Existing restoration targets

247,923 ha

14,840 ha

Total: 262,763 ha

If it is under intermittent management:

Improved fallow

Establishment and management of trees on fallow agricultural land to improve productivity, e.g. through fire control, extending the fallow period, etc., with the knowledge and intention that eventually this land will revert back to active agriculture.

Existing restoration targets

0 ha

Protective land and buffers

Land that is vulnerable to, or critical in safeguarding against, catastrophic events

If degraded mangrove:

Mangrove restoration

Establishment or enhancement of mangroves along coastal areas and in estuaries.

Existing restoration targets

10,000 ha

If other protective land or buffer:

Watershed protection and erosion control

Establishment and enhancement of forests on very steep sloping land, along water courses, in areas that naturally flood and around critical water bodies.

Existing restoration targets

8,750 ha

More information

Detailed Analysis: Relevant Content for Guatemala's Domestic Plans and Multilateral Programs

REDD+ Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PP)

Section 2b REDD+ Strategy Options (Mar. 2013)

  • Option (iv): Strengthening of existing programs and creating new mechanisms of incentives for conservation, protection and management of forests, agroforestry systems and energy forestry production activities: PINFOR[i] (Cost: $124,000)
  • Option (vi): Promotion of productive activities and livelihoods compatible with the conservation and sustainable management of forests and agroforestry landscapes (community forestry, agroforestry systems, watershed protection)[ii] (Cost: $360,000)

[i] R-PP – page 87; [ii] R-PP – page 88

National Climate Strategies & Plans

  • PINFOR (Forest Incentive Program)
    • 1997 - 2017[i]
      • 285,000 ha[1] regenerated forest[ii]
    • Goals for 2016:
      • 285,000 ha[2] forest plantations[iii]
    • 1998-2012: Reforestation 112,341 ha[iv]
      • 2010-2016[3]: 190,849 ha
  • National Restoration Strategy 2015-2045 (1,200,000 ha) (ENRPF)
    • 711,180 ha (2015-2045)  (592,650 ha post-2020 goal)
      • 118,530 ha (every 5 years) (2015-2020 goal)[v]
        • 8,750 ha riparian
        • 43,333 ha forest land production
        • 20,625 ha agroforestry
        • 21,667 ha agroforestry
        • 20,833 ha silvo-pastoral
        • 3,322 ha protected areas
    • 488,820 ha (2015-2045)[vi]
      • 138,750 ha agroforestry
      • 10,000 ha agroforestry
      • 16,450 ha forest land production
      • 35,000 ha silvo-pastoral
      • 131,120 ha forest land protection
      • 5,000 ha mangroves
      • 52,500 ha coastal forests
      • 100,000 ha protected areas
  • Probosques (draft law)[4]
    • Indicative targets over 30-year period[vii] (1,091,498 ha)[5]
      • 200,000 ha industrial plantations
      • 100,000 ha energy plantations
      • 300,000 ha agroforestry
      • 200,000 ha forest regeneration
      • 259,998 ha forest management
      • 31,500 ha Watershed protection and erosion control
  • PINPEP (Incentive Program for Small landholders for forestry or agroforestry
    • 779 ha forest plantation (2010-2012)
    • 1,048 ha agroforestry systems (2010-2012)
    • 5,000 ha  Mangrove restoration
  • PFG (1999) (Guatemala Forest Policy)
    • Objectives[viii]
      • Restoration through plantation forestry
      • Restoration through agroforestry and silvo-pastoral systems
    • Areas of Action[ix]
      • Promotion of plantation forestry[x]
        • 3,000,000 ha[6] action area suitable for forestry
        • Policy instrument: PINFOR
      • Promotion of agroforestry and silvo-pastoral systems[xi]
    • Goals
      • 5 years: Increase planted  area 6,000 ha/yr[xii] (1999-2004)
      • 10-15 years: increase planted area 8,000 ha/yr[xiii] (2000-2015)
        • 2010-2015: 40,000 ha plantations[7]
  • PNCC (2009) (National Climate Change Policy)
    • Reducing vulnerability & Adaptation
      • SFM for conservation and carbon sinks[xiv]
    • Mitigation
      • Forest Resources: promote investment to increase forest stands[xv]
  • ANF (2003) (National Forest Agenda in the Framework of the National Forest Programme) – No FLR targets
  • POA (2014). Annual Operating Plan – INAB.
    • INAB Strategic Plan 1998-2015
      • Increase forest plantations: 200,000 ha[xvi]
      • SFM: 400,000 ha[xvii]
  • ENDB (2012) National Strategy for Biodiversity and Plan of Action 2012-2022
    • Strategy 5: restoration of biodiversity and ecosystem services
      • Budget: $15.2 M
      • Development of restoration pilot projects
      • Indicators[xviii]
      • National Restoration Program developed[8]

Restoration Target: 805,026 ha

  • Plantation: 779 ha
  • Agroforestry: 247,923 ha
  • A/R: 243,349 ha
  • SFM: 294,225 ha
  • 8,750 ha
  • 10,000 ha

[1] Unclear what portion of the 285,000 ha of ANR was accomplished prior to 2010 and how much is left to be implemented by 2017

[2] Unclear what portion of the goal is accomplished post-2010

[3] If the goal is 285,000 ha through reforestation/plantations and 94,151 ha has been achieved by 2010 according to PINFOR’s webpage then the FLR target would be 190,849 ha during 2010-2016

[4] Target ha’s are from The REDD Desk and do not have a confirmed source, and Probosques is meant to replace PINFOR when the program ends at the end of 2016

[5] Not counted towards total because the goals are the same in the overlapping Restoration Strategy

[6] Similar number to the 3.5 Mha referenced in Profor presentation when riparian forest and conservation forest are removed from total available for restoration

[7] Not counted as the time for implementation is unclear

[8] According to the Profor presentation above (presented by INAB staff) the National Restoration Program was scheduled to be complete in 2014 (now completed)

[i] R-PP – page 74; [ii] R-PP – page 74; [iii] PINFOR  homepage – metas (goals); [iv] PINFOR hompage  - resumen general (overview); [v] ENRPF – page 13; [vi] ENRPF – page 14; [vii] The REDD Desk –Initiatives - Probosques; [viii] PFG – page 12; [ix] PFG – page 12; [x] PFG – page 19; [xi] PFG – page 22; [xii] PFG –page 29; [xiii] PFG – page 30; [xiv] PNCC – page 14; [xv] PNCC – page 15; [xvi] POA – page 19; [xvii] POA – page 19; [xviii] ENDB – page 49

Emission Reductions Program Idea Note (ER-PIN)

  • REDD+ actions proposed under ER Program[i] (Sep. 2014)
    • Incentives and financial mechanisms to increase carbon stocks
    • Incentives to conservation and sustainable management of natural forests
      • Specific Planned Actions:[ii]
        • Incentive or voluntary reforestation with broad leaf species & conifer species
        • Reforestation through agroforestry plantations and silvo-pastoral systems
        • Natural regeneration

Cost: $488.59 M (2010-2020)[iii]

[i] ER-Pin – page 23; [ii] ER-PIN – page 24; [iii] ER-PIN – page 33

Global Environment Facility (GEF)

  • 4479 (PIF): Sustainable Forest Management and Multiple Global Environmental Benefits (endorsed 2013; duration of 60 months)
    • 5,160 ha dry forest restored (planting native species and ANR)[i]
    • 14,840 ha agroforestry[ii]

Finance: $4.4 M grant + $13.16 M co-financing = $17.56 M

Restoration Target: 20,000 ha

  • Restoration (ANR): 5,160 ha
  • Agroforestry: 14,840 ha

[i] GEF 4479 PIF – page 2; [ii] GEF 4479 PIF – page 9


ANF (2003). National Forest Agenda in the Framework of the National Forest Programme, Programa Forestal Nacional de Guatemala, Agenda 2003-2012. http://theredddesk.org/sites/default/files/agenda_nacional_forestal_2003-2012_in_framework_of_pfn_1.pdf

ENDB (2012). National Strategy for Biodiversity and Plan of Action 2012-2022. CONAP. http://theredddesk.org/sites/default/files/estrategia-nacional-de-diversidad-biologica-y-plan-de-accion-version-hconap_1.pdf

ENRPF (2015). National Restoration Strategy (Estrategia Nacional de Restauracion del Paisaje Foresetal: Mecanismo para el Desarrollo Rural Sostenible de Guatemala 2015-2045. INAB, Gobierno de Guatemala. 

ER-PIN (2014). Guatemala National Emission Reduction Program: Through Strengthening Forestry Governance in Vulnerable Communities. FCPF. https://www.forestcarbonpartnership.org/sites/fcp/files/2014/september/Guatemala%20ER-PIN%20Version%20Sept%202014.pdf

GEF 4479 PIF (2011). Sustainable Forest Management and Multiple Global Environmental Benefits. GEF. http://www.thegef.org/gef/sites/thegef.org/files/gef_prj_docs/GEFProjectDocuments/Multi%20Focal%20Area/Guatemala%20-%20(4479)%20-%20Sustainable%20Forest%20Management%20and%20Multiple%20Global/5-31-11%20PIMS%204637%20PIF_SFM_Guatemala.pdf

PFG (1999). Guatemala Forestry Policy. MAGA. http://www.segeplan.gob.gt/downloads/clearinghouse/politicas_publicas/Recursos%20Naturales/Politica%20Forestal%20de%20Guatemala.pdf

PINFOR (n.d.). Programa de Incentivos Forestales. INAB. (Accessed on 2/12/15) http://www.inab.gob.gt/Paginas%20web/Pinfor.aspx

PNCC (2009). National Climate Change Policy. MARN. http://www.segeplan.gob.gt/downloads/clearinghouse/politicas_publicas/Recursos%20Naturales/Politica%20Nacional%20de%20Cambio%20Clim%C3%A1tico%20Guatemala.pdf

POA (2014). Annual Operating Plan. Instituto Nacional De Bosques. http://www.inab.gob.gt/Documentos/Planea_Estra/POA%202014.pdf

R-PP (2013). Propuesta de preparacion, Version Revisada, Guatemala. FCPF. https://www.forestcarbonpartnership.org/sites/fcp/files/FCPF%20UNREDD%20R-PP_April%202%202013.pdf

The REDD Desk (n.d.). Probosques. (accessed on 2/12/15). http://theredddesk.org/countries/initiatives/probosques