Existing domestic restoration targets

Existing targets:

14,302,300 ha (includes 2030 targets)

Forest land

Land where forest is, or is planned to become, the dominant land use

If the land is without trees, there are two options:

Planted forests and woodlots

Planting of trees on formerly forested land. Native species or exotics and for various purposes, fuel- wood, timber, building, poles, fruit production, etc.

Existing restoration targets

31,200 ha

3,000,000 ha (by 2030)

2,900,000 ha

Total: 5,931,200 ha

Natural regeneration

Natural regeneration of formerly forested land. Often the site is highly degraded and no longer able to fulfill its past function – e.g. agriculture. If the site is heavily degraded and no longer has seed sources, some planting will probably be required.

Existing restoration targets

3,871,100 ha

If the land  is degraded forests:


Enhancement of existing forests and woodlands of diminished quality and stocking, e.g., by reducing fire and grazing and by liberation thinning, enrichment planting, etc.

Existing restoration targets

4,000,000 ha (by 2030)

500,000 ha

Total: 4,500,000 ha

Agricultural land

Land which is being managed to produce food

If the land  is under permanent management:


Establishment and management of trees on active agricultural land (under shifting agriculture), either through planting or regeneration, to improve crop productivity, provide dry season fodder, increase soil fertility, enhance water retention, etc.

Existing restoration targets


If it is under intermittent management:

Improved fallow

Establishment and management of trees on fallow agricultural land to improve productivity, e.g. through fire control, extending the fallow period, etc., with the knowledge and intention that eventually this land will revert back to active agriculture.

Existing restoration targets


Protective land and buffers

Land that is vulnerable to, or critical in safeguarding against, catastrophic events

If degraded mangrove:

Mangrove restoration

Establishment or enhancement of mangroves along coastal areas and in estuaries.

Existing restoration targets


If other protective land or buffer:

Watershed protection and erosion control

Establishment and enhancement of forests on very steep sloping land, along water courses, in areas that naturally flood and around critical water bodies.

Existing restoration targets


More information

Detailed Analysis: Relevant Content for Ethiopia's Domestic Plans and Multilateral Programs

REDD+ Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PP)

  • R-PP (2011): Improve carbon sequestration
    • EDRI estimates: 2 Mha afforestation potential from grassland, marginal agricultural lands; 1 Mha reforestation potential on degraded forests[i] (2010-2030)[1]
  • REDD+ Pilot projects
    • Bale Mountains National Park: rehabilitate natural forests (500,000 ha)[ii]
    • 4 A/R projects (sourced from 2010) that add up to: 31,200 ha[iii]

Restoration Target: 531,200 ha

Silviculture: 500,000 ha

A/R: 31,200 ha

[1] The 3 Mha of A/R in the R-PP are already counted in the 7 Mha within the CRGE strategy in the National Climate Section.

[i] R-PP page 73; [ii] R-PP page 206; [iii] R-PP page 208

National Climate Strategies & Plans

  • Climate Change National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) of Ethiopia (June 2007)[1]
    • Project: Community Based Carbon Sequestration in The Rift Valley System of Ethiopia (Budget: $1 M): focus  on acacia woodland rehabilitation[i]
    • Project: Promotion of on farm and homestead forestry and agroforestry in arid, semi-arid, and dry-sub humid parts of Ethiopia (Budget: $5 M)
  • CNCRE (Carbon Neutral Climate Resilient Economy) Mission Statement
    • EPACC[2] (Ethiopia’s Programme  of Adaptation to Climate Change) - Annex 2: NAMAs[3] Forests & Agriculture (2010)
      • District-level reforestation actions: 21,444,000 ha of degraded lands, gullies, slopes, and community areas closed to grazing[ii]
      • Production forests and ‘forests in exhaustion’ are put under SFM for sequestering carbon: 5,269,500 ha[iii]
      • Implement agroforestry practices/systems for livelihood improvement and carbon sequestration: 26,184,000 ha[iv]
  • Climate Resilient Green Economy (CRGE) Strategy (2011) (total expected cost: $150 B over 20 years[v] and given initial implementation finance of $75 M/year[vi] from the UK and Norway)
    • Forestry abatement: increased sequestration through large and small A/R and area closures and forest management of forests and woodlands covering 7,000,000 ha by 2030[vii]
      • Levers[viii]
        • Afforestation: 2,000,000 ha (on pastureland)
        • Reforestation: 1,000,000 ha (on degraded areas)
        • Forest management: 2,000,000 ha [ix]
        • Woodlands management: 2,000,000 ha[x]
    • Protecting and Re-establishing forests for economic and ecosystem services (including as carbon stocks)[xi] (Unless action is taken 9 Mha of forest will be lost due to population/fuelwood/agriculture pressures between 2010-2030)
    • All Forestry Initiatives Finance Required: $7.9 B to 2030[xii]
  • Great Green Wall for Sahara and Sahel
    • In Ethiopia the GGWSS programme is expected to further reinforce the government’s Climate Resilient Green Economy (CRGE) Strategy
  • CBD 5th National Report (2014)
    • Report on the implementation of the first half of the Strategic Plan 2011-2020 (2011-2014)
    • Rehabilitation and Restoration[xiii]
      • 7,000,000 ha of degraded area has been rehabilitated using area closure by end of 2013
        • 7,079,100 ha (2013) – 3,208,000 (2010) = 3,871,100 ha (2010 through 2013)
        • Forest management plans have been prepared for 1,400,000 ha of natural forests [4]
        • 2,900,000 ha of land have been afforested with different tree species (2011-2013) (mixed plantation forests)
          • 2011-2013: 16.8 million seedlings of different indigenous and exotic tree species have been planted in different parts of the country
    • Annex 1 Strategic Goals
      • Increase forest cover from 12-14% (2015-2020) (approximately +2 Mha)
      • Double restoration of degraded lands from 10-20 Mha (2015-2020)

Restoration Target: 13,771,100 ha (includes 2030 goals)

A/R: 3,000,000 ha (by 2030)

Silviculture: 4,000,000 ha (by 2030)

ANR: 3,871,100 ha

Plantations: 2,900,000 ha

[1] NAPA has been replaced by the EPACC

[2] EPACC is meant to replace the NAPA (2007)

[3] The NAMAs contain aspirational targets for actions across sectors to mitigate climate change which under commitments made within the Copenhagen Accord should be afforded financial and technical assistance from industrialized nations (but cannot be considered an official target as of yet).

[4] The 1.4 Mha of forest management plans are assumed to be part of the 2030 goal for 2 Mha under sustainable forest management

[i] NAPA page 81; [ii] EPACC annex 2 page 29; [iii] EPACC annex 2 page 29; [iv] EPACC annex 2 page 29; [v] CRGE page 2; [vi] The REDD desk: CRGE strategy summary; [vii] CRGE page 105; [viii] CRGE page 110; [ix] CRGE – page 111; [x] CRGE – page 111; [xi] CRGE – page 24; [xii] CRGE – page 115; [xiii] CBD -5NR – page 30

REDD+ Strategy

1st Draft REDD+ Strategy                     

  • “Re-afforestation of degraded forests will also be carried out to create additional carbon within the existing degraded forests. Physical and biological conservation measures will be integrated with afforestation and reforestation activities to improve survival and productivity of established forests.”
  • “Fast growing timber and short rotation fuel wood species will be promoted for commercial plantations. As small scale intervention, agroforestry woodlots will be promoted around homesteads and on-farm tree planting will be encouraged to create sustainable source of fuel wood.”


CBD-5NR (2014). Ethiopia’s Fifth National Report to the CBD. Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute. https://www.cbd.int/doc/world/et/et-nr-05-en.pdf

CRGE (2011). Climate Resilient Green Economy Initiative.

R-PP (2011). Readiness Preparation Proposal. Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, 25 May 2011. https://forestcarbonpartnership.org/sites/forestcarbonpartnership.org/files/Documents/PDF/Jan2012/R-PP%20Ethiopia-final%20May%2025-2011.pdf

EPACC (2010). Ethiopia’s Programme of Adaptation to Climate Change. Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. http://theredddesk.org/sites/default/files/ethiopia_how_respond_to_cc_to_build_a_carbon_neutral_climate_resilient_economy_0.pdf

REDD+ Strategy (2014). National REDD+ Strategy, First Draft. https://reddplusethiopia.files.wordpress.com/2015/05/reddstrategy_firstdraft_nov21_2015.pdf - Other related resources: https://reddplusethiopia.wordpress.com/redd-strategy/

R-PP (2011). Readiness Preparation Proposal for the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. FCPF. https://forestcarbonpartnership.org/sites/forestcarbonpartnership.org/files/Documents/PDF/Jan2012/R-PP%20Ethiopia-final%20May%2025-2011.pdf