Existing domestic restoration targets

Existing targets:

1,000,000 ha

Forest land

Land where forest is, or is planned to become, the dominant land use

If the land is without trees, there are two options:

Planted forests and woodlots

Planting of trees on formerly forested land. Native species or exotics and for various purposes, fuel- wood, timber, building, poles, fruit production, etc.

Existing restoration targets

0 ha

Natural regeneration

Natural regeneration of formerly forested land. Often the site is highly degraded and no longer able to fulfill its past function – e.g. agriculture. If the site is heavily degraded and no longer has seed sources, some planting will probably be required.

Existing restoration targets

0 ha

If the land  is degraded forests:

Silviculture

Enhancement of existing forests and woodlands of diminished quality and stocking, e.g., by reducing fire and grazing and by liberation thinning, enrichment planting, etc.

Existing restoration targets

0 ha

Agricultural land

Land which is being managed to produce food

If the land  is under permanent management:

Agroforestry

Establishment and management of trees on active agricultural land (under shifting agriculture), either through planting or regeneration, to improve crop productivity, provide dry season fodder, increase soil fertility, enhance water retention, etc.

Existing restoration targets

1,000,000 ha*

*total includes an unknown number of hectares for mangroves, gallery forest, and watershed restoration, and this will be determined following the ROAM process

If it is under intermittent management:

Improved fallow

Establishment and management of trees on fallow agricultural land to improve productivity, e.g. through fire control, extending the fallow period, etc., with the knowledge and intention that eventually this land will revert back to active agriculture.

Existing restoration targets

0 ha

Protective land and buffers

Land that is vulnerable to, or critical in safeguarding against, catastrophic events

If degraded mangrove:

Mangrove restoration

Establishment or enhancement of mangroves along coastal areas and in estuaries.

Existing restoration targets

0 ha

If other protective land or buffer:

Watershed protection and erosion control

Establishment and enhancement of forests on very steep sloping land, along water courses, in areas that naturally flood and around critical water bodies.

Existing restoration targets

0 ha

More information

Detailed Analysis: Relevant Content for El Salvador's Domestic Plans and Multilateral Programs

REDD+ Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PP)

  • PREP-REDD+ 
    • Restoration of degraded forests and other supporting ecosystems[i]
    • Restoration of gallery forests and revegetation of watershed landscapes
    • Expand agroforestry[ii]
  • Component 2b: REDD+ Strategy Options (Feb. 2013)
    • Goal: increase carbon stocks[iii]
    • Activity: restore ecosystems and landscapes

[i] R-PP – page 94; [ii] R-PP – page 94; [iii] R-PP – page 4

REDD+ Strategy

R-PP Presentation (2012) - National Priority

  • REDD+ Strategy – Mitigation based Adaptation (MbA)
    • Mitigation – maintain and increase carbon stocks
    • Goal: 1,000,000 ha[i]

Restoration Target: 1,000,000 ha

[i] R-PP presentation – slide 7

National Climate Strategies & Plans

  • National Environmental Policy (2012)
    • National Program of Restoration of Ecosystem and Landscapes Program[i] (PREP)
      • Focus on increasing Forest Carbon Reserves[ii]
    • MARN National Climate Change Strategy (2013)
      • Restoration of critical ecosystems and rural landscapes[iii]
  • PREP (MARN Summary)
    • Goals[iv]
      • Rehabilitation ecosystem processes to recover resilience and services
      • Increasing carbon stocks and contribute to reductions through ecological and functional restoration of mosaic agricultural landscapes
      • Restoration of coastal systems, mangroves (protection role and breeding area for marine species)
      • Enable governance and management capacity of local participation in watershed landscapes
    • Components
      • Shift to sustainable agriculture at landscape level
      • Restoration of critical ecosystems: mangroves, gallery forests, wetlands
      • Use of green infrastructure in tandem with grey

[i] R-pp – Annex 5 – page 29; [ii] R-PP – page 9; [iii] National Climate Change Strategy – page 3; [iv] PREP – page 14

Sources

PREP (n.d). Programa de Restauracion de Ecosistemas y Paisajes. MARN, Gobierno de El Salvador.

R-PP (Feb. 19, 2013). Readiness Preparation Proposal for El Salvador. FCPF. https://www.forestcarbonpartnership.org/sites/fcp/files/RPP%20REDD%20El%20Salvador%20MARN%20Febrero%2019%202013.pdf

R-PP presentation (2012). El Salvador Formal R-PP presentation. https://forestcarbonpartnership.org/sites/forestcarbonpartnership.org/files/Documents/PDF/Nov2012/El%20Salvador%20FCPF%20PC13%2021%2010%2012%2012%20JEQD%20SN.pdf

National Climate Change Strategy (2013).  MARN. http://www.marn.gob.sv/phocadownload/cuadernillo-ENCC.pdf