Existing domestic restoration targets

Existing targets:

16,775,750 (+200,000) ha

Forest land

Land where forest is, or is planned to become, the dominant land use

If the land is without trees, there are two options:

Planted forests and woodlots

Planting of trees on formerly forested land. Native species or exotics and for various purposes, fuel- wood, timber, building, poles, fruit production, etc.

Existing restoration targets

13,000,000 ha

26,700 ha

Total: 13,026,700 ha

Natural regeneration

Natural regeneration of formerly forested land. Often the site is highly degraded and no longer able to fulfill its past function – e.g. agriculture. If the site is heavily degraded and no longer has seed sources, some planting will probably be required.

Existing restoration targets

73,050 ha

If the land  is degraded forests:


Enhancement of existing forests and woodlands of diminished quality and stocking, e.g., by reducing fire and grazing and by liberation thinning, enrichment planting, etc.

Existing restoration targets

1,000,000 ha

86,000 ha

190,000 ha

Total: 1,276,000 ha

Agricultural land

Land which is being managed to produce food

If the land  is under permanent management:


Establishment and management of trees on active agricultural land (under shifting agriculture), either through planting or regeneration, to improve crop productivity, provide dry season fodder, increase soil fertility, enhance water retention, etc.

Existing restoration targets

1,400,000 (+200,000) ha

1,000,000 ha

Total: 2,400,000 (+200,000) ha

If it is under intermittent management:

Improved fallow

Establishment and management of trees on fallow agricultural land to improve productivity, e.g. through fire control, extending the fallow period, etc., with the knowledge and intention that eventually this land will revert back to active agriculture.

Existing restoration targets


Protective land and buffers

Land that is vulnerable to, or critical in safeguarding against, catastrophic events

If degraded mangrove:

Mangrove restoration

Establishment or enhancement of mangroves along coastal areas and in estuaries.

Existing restoration targets


If other protective land or buffer:

Watershed protection and erosion control

Establishment and enhancement of forests on very steep sloping land, along water courses, in areas that naturally flood and around critical water bodies.

Existing restoration targets


More information

Detailed Analysis: Relevant Content for Democratric Republic of Congo's Domestic Plans and Multilateral Programs

REDD+ Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PP)

R-PP (July 2010) Section 2b: Programs with high potential and ease of implementation

  • Program 7: Afforestation and reforestation to restore forests, providing firewood and logging
  • Program 12: Reducing the demand for firewood and developing alternative energy sources through a national energy strategy
  • Program 11: Controlled intensive agriculture development through the rehabilitation of old and new savanna plantations

Annex 2b: REDD+ Strategic Options

  • Program 7: Affects 13 Mha[i] (Afforestation in marginal zones & reforestation in degraded forests) and specific area will be further specified in the zoning of the national territory
  • Program 11: Oil palm, bovine/sheep ranches - Orienting investors toward old plantations located in the forest for rehabilitation (1.4-1.6 Mha)[ii] (oil palm, etc.)
  • Program 12: Decrease demand for firewood and increase supply through A/R
    • A/R program focus on supplementary activities: improved heating, biomass briquettes, and extending electric network

Restoration Target: 14,400,000 (+200,000) ha

A/R: 13,000,000 ha

Plantation/Mosaic: 1,400,000 (+200,000) ha

[i] R-PP Annex 2b – page 120; [ii] R-PP Annex 2b – page 122

National Climate Strategies & Plans

  • DRC 2nd National Communication (Nov. 2009)
    • Technological Reinforcement Projects for the Attenuation of GHG
    • Sector: Agriculture, Land Use Change, Forests
    • Activities[i] (estimated costs):
      • Agroforestry promotion in savanna areas: $1.36 M
      • Reforestation in Low-River area: $6 M
      • Firewood plantation in Kinshasa, Lubumbashi, Mbuji-Mayi: $22 M
  • REDD+ Strategy (up for revision in 2015)

[i] DRC 2nd National Communication – Executive Summary – page 23 - table 19

Emission Reductions Program Idea Note (ER-PIN)

  • Kinshasa Savanna Belt – Bandundu Province – Mai Ndombe Region
    • Mai Ndombe Region: 12.3 Mha (66% forest cover)
      • half of area overlaps with 2014 FIP program
    • Program Design: 2014 (6-12 months)
    • Implementation: 2015-2020
    • Long-term perspective: up to 2050

ER-PIN (March 2014) Activities:

  • Customary lands – support for agroforestry, PES, reforestation, savanna protection, awareness and enhancement, etc.: 1.0 Mha[i]
  • Forest Concessions under carbon RIL method: 1.0 Mha[ii]

Restoration Target: 2,000,000 ha

Agroforestry: 1,000,000 ha

Reduced Impact Logging: 1,000,000 ha

[i] ER-PIN Section 5 – page 16; [ii] ER-PIN Section 5 – page 16

Forest Investment Program (FIP)

  • FIP (2011): $60 M[i] plan & 18 Mha of intervention area
  • Kinshasa Supply Area Program (alleviate fuelwood driver)
    • Intervention area: 7 Mha[ii] (degraded savanna with forest remnants and an area of savanna-forest mosaic in Bandundu province)
    • Budget: $13.7 M (grant) + $5.1 M (co-financing)
    • Interventions: agroforestry, community forestry
    • Activities[iii] (area ha): A/R (3,200), ANR (250 ha), Community Forestry (20,000)
  • Kananga & Mbuji-Mayi Supply Area Program
    • Intervention Area: 6.7 Mha (3.8 Mha forested)
    • Interventions: community forestry (large savanna area is opportunity for A/R agroforestry models
  • Budget: $12.1 M (grant) + $5.7 M (co-financing)
    • Activities[iv] (area): A/R (2,500 ha), ANR (70,000 ha), Community Forestry (70,000 ha)
  • Kisangani Supply Area Program
    • Intervention Area: 4 Mha (3.5 Mha forested)
    • Budget:$10.2 M + $7 M (co-financing)
    • Activities[v] (area ha): A/R (500 ha), ANR (1,000 ha), Community Forestry (100,000 ha)
  • Program for Engaging Private Sector in REDD+
    • Budget: $18.4 M (1/2 grant, ½ credit) + $18.2 M co-financing
    • Activities[vi] (area ha): A/R (20,500 ha), ANR (1,800 ha)
  • Small Grants Program: for private sector/civil society proposals
    • Budget: $5 M
    • Priority Activities[vii]: A/R, ANR, Community Forestry

Restoration Target: 289,750 ha

A/R: 26,700 ha [1]

ANR: 73,050 ha

Community Forestry: 190,000 ha [2]

[1] A/R programs include reference to using agroforestry models

[2] limited to protected forests in which local communities can obtain free concessions

[i] FIP - Summary of Country Investment Plan – page 8 in DRC FIP; [ii] FIP - Section 5.4.1 - page 47; [iii] FIP - Section 5.4.1 – page 46; [iv] FIP - Section 5.4.2 – page 48; [v] FIP - Section 5.4.3 – page 51; [vi] FIP - Section 5.4.4 – page 52; [vii] FIP - Section 5.4.5 – page 53

Global Environment Facility (GEF)

  • Community-based Miombo Forest Management in SE Katanga
    • GEF agency: FAO – council approved (2013)
    • Duration: 60 months
    • Relevant project outcome[i]: Miombo forests restored and under sustainable management
      • 80,000 ha under SFM and Restore 6,000 ha degraded woodlands
      • Cost: $3.3 M (grant) + $7 M (co-financing)

Restoration Target: 86,000 ha

SFM: 80,000 ha
Restoration: 6,000 ha

[i] GEF project doc – page 1 and 9


Climate Investment Funds (06/07/2011). Investment Plan Democratic Republic of Congo. FIP/SC.6/4. https://www.climateinvestmentfunds.org/cif/sites/climateinvestmentfunds.org/files/FIP%204%20DCR%20IP_0.pdf

Democratic Republic of Congo, Ministry of Environment, Conservation of Nature and Tourism (7/15/2010).  R-PP Democratic Republic of Congo v. 3.1, Readiness Plan for REDD, 2010-2012, R-PP Final Version. https://www.forestcarbonpartnership.org/sites/forestcarbonpartnership.org/files/Documents/PDF/Jul2010/R-PP_V3.1_English_July2010.pdf

Democratic Republic of Congo, Second National Communication, Executive Summary (11/2009). http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/natc/rdcnc2exsume.pdf

ERPIN for the Mai Ndombe Emission Reduction Program v2 (03/07/2014). Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Carbon Fund. https://www.forestcarbonpartnership.org/sites/fcp/files/2014/February/DRC%20ER-PIN%20CF9.pdf

GEF (08/13/2013). Community-Based Miombo Forest Management in SE Katanga. http://www.thegef.org/gef/sites/thegef.org/files/gef_prj_docs/GEFProjectDocuments/Multi%20Focal%20Area/Congo%20DR%20-%20(5547)%20-%20Community-Based%20Miombo%20Forest%20Management%20in%20South/8-13-2013_ID_PIF.pdf