Existing domestic restoration targets

Existing targets:

234,347 ha

Forest land

Land where forest is, or is planned to become, the dominant land use

If the land is without trees, there are two options:

Planted forests and woodlots

Planting of trees on formerly forested land. Native species or exotics and for various purposes, fuel- wood, timber, building, poles, fruit production, etc.

Existing restoration targets

72,132 ha

Natural regeneration

Natural regeneration of formerly forested land. Often the site is highly degraded and no longer able to fulfill its past function – e.g. agriculture. If the site is heavily degraded and no longer has seed sources, some planting will probably be required.

Existing restoration targets

162,215 ha

If the land  is degraded forests:


Enhancement of existing forests and woodlands of diminished quality and stocking, e.g., by reducing fire and grazing and by liberation thinning, enrichment planting, etc.

Existing restoration targets


Agricultural land

Land which is being managed to produce food

If the land  is under permanent management:


Establishment and management of trees on active agricultural land (under shifting agriculture), either through planting or regeneration, to improve crop productivity, provide dry season fodder, increase soil fertility, enhance water retention, etc.

Existing restoration targets


If it is under intermittent management:

Improved fallow

Establishment and management of trees on fallow agricultural land to improve productivity, e.g. through fire control, extending the fallow period, etc., with the knowledge and intention that eventually this land will revert back to active agriculture.

Existing restoration targets


Protective land and buffers

Land that is vulnerable to, or critical in safeguarding against, catastrophic events

If degraded mangrove:

Mangrove restoration

Establishment or enhancement of mangroves along coastal areas and in estuaries.

Existing restoration targets


If other protective land or buffer:

Watershed protection and erosion control

Establishment and enhancement of forests on very steep sloping land, along water courses, in areas that naturally flood and around critical water bodies.

Existing restoration targets


More information

Detailed Analysis: Relevant Content for Costa Rica's Domestic Plans and Multilateral Programs

REDD+ Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PP)

R-PP (April 2011) Section 2b Strategy Options

  • Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES) Strategic Options
    • Carbon capture in national parks through monitoring, control border s and fires, and compensation for expropriated landowners ($18 M/yr for 2010-2030[i]
    • Increased carbon sequestration by inducing natural regeneration & establishment of forest plantations for raw materials
      • PES for regeneration/reforestation: 724,000 ha (potential area)[ii]
      • PES for forest plantations: 8,500 ha/yr[iii]
      • Agroforestry (for consideration)[iv]

[i] R-PP – page 42; [ii] R-PP – page 43; [iii] R-PP – page 43; [iv] R-PP – page 43

REDD+ Strategy

In development[1] according to the progress documented on the Costa Rica REDD+ page

  • FONAFIFO & World Bank
    • Costa Rica and the FCPF have entered an agreement through a LOI to formulate an Emission Reductions Payment Agreement for $63 M[i]
    • The LOI and carbon credit purchase is set to conserve and regenerate forest, and scale up agroforestry systems on a total of 340,000 ha through the PES program within the National Forestry Fund
    • The breakdown of PES activities include:
      • 19,191 ha PES for avoided deforestation on second generation forest
      • 124,282 ha PES for early regeneration of forest
      • 72,132 ha PES for forest plantations (and agroforestry systems)
      • 18,742 ha PES for early regeneration (on indigenous reserves)
      • 107,600 ha PES for avoided deforestation on old growth forest[2]

Restoration Target: 234,437 ha

Regeneration: 162,215 ha

Plantation: 72,132 ha

[1] By Dec. 31, 2015 the REDD+ strategy should be developed according to ‘Goals’ in Strategy #7 ‘Climate Change, Mitigation, and Adaptation’ of the National Forest Development Plan 2011-2020 (PNDF – page 30)

[2] Excluded because restoration is not taking place in old growth forest via avoided deforestation

[i] World Bank press release (9/10/2013)

National Climate Strategies & Plans

  • PA-ENCC (2009) (National Climate Change Strategy Action Plan)
    • National agenda for carbon capture[i]
      • 124,000 ha regeneration
        • budget: $124.4 M
      • 72,000 ha establishing forest plantations
        • Finance: $112.7 M
      • 18,742 ha induced regeneration on indigenous reserves
        • Finance: $21.9 M
    • Maintain forest cover at 52.6%[ii]
  • ENCC (2009) (National Climate Change Strategy)
    • Mitigation
      • action 2: carbon-capture-storage[iii]
        • Reforestation
        • Agroforestry
        • Natural regeneration
  • PNDF (2011) (National Forest Development Plan 2011-2020): Supports but does not set any FLR targets

[i] PA-ENCC – page 18; [ii] PA-ENCC – page 18; [iii] ENCC – page 53

Emission Reductions Program Idea Note (ER-PIN)

ER-PIN (Feb. 2013) Section 5.3 Description of planned and ongoing activities under the proposed ER program

  • Expansion of PES for regeneration and reforestation[1]
    • (potential area) 724,000 ha for regeneration or reforestation on lands whose use is disputed[i]
    • (potential area) 650,000 ha private land being farmed that could be used for forestry[ii]
      • Plan to induce regeneration and/or promote reforestation by providing PES incentives
    • ER program (ii) Additional PES area for carbon sequestration [2]
      • 124,000 ha regeneration on land that could be used for forestry but is currently unforested[iii]
        • Expected cost: $43.4 M (2010-2020)[iv]
      • 72,000 ha establishing forest plantations[v]
        • Expected cost: $86.5 M (2010-2020)[vi]
      • 18,742 ha induced regeneration on indigenous reserves[vii]
        • Expected cost: $5.24 M (2014-2020)[viii]
    • FONAFIFO providing $73.4 in financing for ER Program

[1] hectares listed as potential are not counted towards the total

[2] hectares in program (ii) are not included to avoid double counting with figures from the PA-ENCC. 

[i] ER-PIN – page 30; [ii] ER-PIN – page 30; [iii] ER-PIN – page 19, 30, 35, 87; [iv] ER-PIN – page 113; [v] ER-PIN – page 30, 35; [vi] ER-PIN – page 113; [vii] ER-PIN – page 35, 84; [viii] ER-PIN – page 113


ENCC (2009). National Climate Change Strategy. http://www.cambioclimaticocr.com/biblioteca-virtual/doc_download/116-estrategia-nacional-de-cambio-climatico

ER-PIN (2013). Emission Reductions Program Idea Note, Costa Rica. FCPF. https://www.forestcarbonpartnership.org/sites/fcp/files/2013/Costa%20Rica%20FCPF%20ER%20PIN%20revised%20February%2015%202013.pdf

PA-ENCC (2009). National Climate Change Strategy Action Plan. http://www.cambioclimaticocr.com/biblioteca-virtual/doc_download/147-plan-de-accion-estrategia-nacional-de-cambio-climatico

PNDF (2011). National Forest Development Plan. MINAET. http://www.sirefor.go.cr/images/stories/pdf/plannacionafinalweb.pdf

R-PP (2011). Propuesta para la Preparacion de Readiness, R-PP Costa Rica. FCPF. https://forestcarbonpartnership.org/sites/forestcarbonpartnership.org/files/Documents/PDF/Jan2013/R-PPCostaRica%20(2a).pdf

World Bank (9/10/2013). Costa Rica First to Negotiate Sale of Forestry Carbon Credits. http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2013/09/10/creditos-por-reduccion-de-carbono