Existing domestic restoration targets

Existing targets:

2,017,984 ha

Forest land

Land where forest is, or is planned to become, the dominant land use

If the land is without trees, there are two options:

Planted forests and woodlots

Planting of trees on formerly forested land. Native species or exotics and for various purposes, fuel- wood, timber, building, poles, fruit production, etc.

Existing restoration targets

1,017,984 ha

Natural regeneration

Natural regeneration of formerly forested land. Often the site is highly degraded and no longer able to fulfill its past function – e.g. agriculture. If the site is heavily degraded and no longer has seed sources, some planting will probably be required.

Existing restoration targets

1,000,000 ha*

*also may include agroforestry, improved fallow, mangroves, watershed protection

If the land  is degraded forests:

Silviculture

Enhancement of existing forests and woodlands of diminished quality and stocking, e.g., by reducing fire and grazing and by liberation thinning, enrichment planting, etc.

Existing restoration targets


0

Agricultural land

Land which is being managed to produce food

If the land  is under permanent management:

Agroforestry

Establishment and management of trees on active agricultural land (under shifting agriculture), either through planting or regeneration, to improve crop productivity, provide dry season fodder, increase soil fertility, enhance water retention, etc.

Existing restoration targets

0

If it is under intermittent management:

Improved fallow

Establishment and management of trees on fallow agricultural land to improve productivity, e.g. through fire control, extending the fallow period, etc., with the knowledge and intention that eventually this land will revert back to active agriculture.

Existing restoration targets

0

Protective land and buffers

Land that is vulnerable to, or critical in safeguarding against, catastrophic events

If degraded mangrove:

Mangrove restoration

Establishment or enhancement of mangroves along coastal areas and in estuaries.

Existing restoration targets

0

If other protective land or buffer:

Watershed protection and erosion control

Establishment and enhancement of forests on very steep sloping land, along water courses, in areas that naturally flood and around critical water bodies.

Existing restoration targets

0

More information

Detailed Analysis: Relevant Content for Colombia's Domestic Plans and Multilateral Programs

REDD+ Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PP)

  • Forest Plantations – 353,283 ha (current) and a potential of 14 million ha[i]
  • Proposed Actions within R-PP (2013): implementation of programs for rehabilitation, restoration and recovery of forest ecosystems[ii]

[i] R-PP  – page 223; [ii] R-PP  – page 99

National Climate Strategies & Plans

  • National Forestry Development Plan (2000)[1] (NFDP)
    • Establish 1,500,000 ha industrial plantations (2000-2025)[i]
    • Form and manage 500,000 ha[2] biological corridors for forest ecosystems[ii]
  • National Development Plan – 2010-2014 (executive summary)[3] (NDP)
    • Agriculture & Rural Development: industrial forest plantations – 1,382,064 ha (by 2019) with 364,080 ha baseline (2010) and a net increase of 1,017,984 ha[iii]
    • Reforestation: 310,000 ha (2010) to 400,000 ha (2014)  =  90,000 ha[4] (2010-2014)[iv]
  • Foundations of the National Development Plan 2014-2018 (NDP 14-18)
    • Strategies and Goals
      • Restoration: 300,000 ha[5] (2018 goal) with a baseline of 85,539 ha (2014) an a net increase in restoration on 214,461 ha[v]
  • 20X20 Initiative: commitment to restore1,000,000 ha by 2020
    • A joint commitment from the Ministry of Agriculture and the Ministry of Environment to WRI and CIAT to have 1 Mha in the process of restoration by 2020
  • PNR (2015) (National Restoration Plan: Ecological Restoration, Rehabilitation and Recuperation of Disturbed Areas (2015-2035))
    • Phase 2: includes implementing pilot restoration projects in priority areas (no hectares specified)  and is set for years 3-8 (2018-2023)[vi]
    • Phase 3: Implementation of the strategy on a large scale in priority areas, and is to begin year 10 through year 18 (2025-2033)[vii]
      • Implement restoration actions in disturbed areas: goal of 1,000,000[6] ha[viii] (disturbed areas restored and under the restoration process)
    • The PNR identifies over 23,000,000 ha in need of restoration in Colombia[ix]
      • includes 3 types of restoration interventions
  • National Policy for the Comprehensive Management of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (2012) (PNGIBSE)
    • Priority activity for 2014: ecosystem restoration – 2014 goal – 280,000 ha restoration/rehabilitation including biological corridors (est. cost: $93,000 (2012-2015))[x]
  • National Ecological Restoration Strategy for the National Park System of Colombia (2010)
    • Notes that Colombia needs to restore 2,000,000 ha (at a minimum) to ensure the representativeness of Colombian biodiversity[xi]
    • The new PNR identifies 540,000 ha in need of restoration within the national park system[xii]

Restoration Target: 2,017,984 ha

Plantation: 1,017,984 ha

Restoration: 1,000,000 ha

[1] Development Plan with Vision & Principles guiding forest policy to 2025

[2] Unclear activity as it is likely the preservation of existing corridors as a strategy for protected area management

[3] NDP volume 1 – 1,382,064 ha ‘forest area’ by 2019 (page 247)

[4] The 90,000 ha is to count toward the 1 Mha commitment made under 20x20 Initiative

[5] The 300,000 ha is to count toward the 1 Mha commitment made under 20x20 Initiative

[6] This 1 Mha under the PNR does not count toward the Bonn Challenge because the efforts do not occur until post-2020 (applicable to NYDF 350 Mha goal by 2030)

[i] NFDP – page 19; [ii] NFDP – page 46; [iii] NDP – page 48; [iv] NDP – page 50; [v] NDP 14-18 – page 487; [vi] PNR – page 42; [vii] PNR – page 46; [viii] PNR – page 47; [ix] PNR – page 89; [x] PNGIBSE – page 103; [xi] National Ecological Restoration Strategy – page 19; [xii] PNR – page 93

Global Environment Facility (GEF)

  • 3574: Mainstreaming Biodiversity in Sustainable Cattle Ranching (2008-2014)
    • 61,500 ha agro-silvo-pastoral[i]
    • Finance: $5.5 M grant + $7 M co-financing = $12.5 M
  • 4113: Mainstreaming biodiversity in palm cropping in Colombia with an ecosystem approach (Feb 2011 – Dec 2015)
    • Includes protecting and restoring HCV areas but area will be based on number and size of plantations participating[ii]
    • Finance: $4.25 M grant + $14.13 M co-financing = $18.38 M
  • 4772: Conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity in dry ecosystems to guarantee the flow of ecosystem services and to mitigate the processes of deforestation and desertification (submitted Dec 2011 – 60 month duration)
    • Ecological Rehabilitation: 1,600 ha (dry forest in 6 watersheds)[iii]
    • Finance: $8.78 M grant + $26.4 M co-financing = $35.18 M
  • 4916: Conservation of biodiversity in landscapes impacted by mining in the Choco Biogeographic Region (submitted Mar 2012 – 60 month duration)
    • Biodiversity management on 15,000 ha (fragmented forest) with landscape management tools (natural rehabilitation, agroforestry systems, etc.)[iv]
    • Finance: $5.85 M grant + $40.2 M co-financing = $46.05 M
  • 4849: Sustainable Management and Conservation of Biodiversity in the Magdalena River Basin ( submitted Jan 2013 – 60 month duration)
    • 5,000 ha watershed restored[v]

Finance: $6.3 M grant + $25 M co-financing = $31.3 M

Restoration Target:

all GEF targets (hectares) are presumed to be counted under the targets for the NDPs or the PNR pilot projbects or the 20x20 1 Mha target

[i] GEF 3574 – PIF page 1; [ii] GEF 4113 – PIF page 1; [iii] GEF 4772 – PIF page 2; [iv] GEF 4916 – PIF page 3; [v] GEF4849 – PIF page 2

Sources

GEF (3574) Mainstreaming Biodiversity in Sustainable Cattle Ranching (2008). http://www.thegef.org/gef/project_detail?projID=3574

GEF (4113) Mainstreaming biodiversity in palm cropping in Colombia with an ecosystem approach (Feb 2011). http://www.thegef.org/gef/sites/thegef.org/files/gef_prj_docs/GEFProjectDocuments/Biodiversity/Colombia%20-%20(4113)%20-%20Mainstreaming%20Biodiversity%20in%20Palm%20Cropping%20in%20Col/1-22-10%20GEF%20ID%204113_PIF_Fedepalma_012210.pdf

GEF (4772) Conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity in dry ecosystems to guarantee the flow of ecosystem services and to mitigate the processes of deforestation and desertification (Dec 2011) http://www.thegef.org/gef/sites/thegef.org/files/gef_prj_docs/GEFProjectDocuments/Multi%20Focal%20Area/Colombia%20-%20(4772)%20-%20Conservation%20and%20Sustainable%20use%20of%20Biodiversity%20i/12-23-11%20Rev%20PIF.pdf

GEF (4849)Sustainable Management and Conservation of Biodiversity in the Magdalena River Basin (Jan 2013). http://www.thegef.org/gef/sites/thegef.org/files/gef_prj_docs/GEFProjectDocuments/Biodiversity/Colombia%20-%20(4849)%20-%20Sustainable%20Management%20and%20Conservation%20of%20Biodive/GEF%20ID4849_PIF%20Colombia_Cuenca

GEF (4916) Conservation of biodiversity in landscapes impacted by mining in the Choco Biogeographic Region (Mar 2012). http://www.thegef.org/gef/sites/thegef.org/files/gef_prj_docs/GEFProjectDocuments/Biodiversity/Colombia%20-%20(4916)%20-%20Conservation%20of%20biodiversity%20in%20landscapes%20impacte/PIMS%205035%20PIF%20GEF%20BD%20and%20Mining%20in%20Colombia%2030%20March%202012%20final%20version.pdf

National Ecological Restoration Strategy for the National Park System of Colombia (2010). Ministerio de Ambiente.  http://www.globalrestorationnetwork.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/Estrategia-Nacional_Colombia.pdf

NDP (2010). Plan Nacional de Desarrollo 2010-2014. http://theredddesk.org/sites/default/files/resumen_ejecutivo_ultima_version_1.pdf

NDP 14-18 (2014). Bases de Plan Nacional de Desarrollo 2014-2018. https://colaboracion.dnp.gov.co/CDT/Prensa/Bases%20Plan%20Nacional%20de%20Desarrollo%202014-2018.pdf

NFDP (2000). National Forest Development Plan. http://theredddesk.org/sites/default/files/553_plan_nal_des_forestal_1.pdf

PNGIBSE (2012). National Policy for the Comprehensive Management of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. https://www.siac.gov.co/documentos/DOC_Portal/DOC_Biodiversidad/010812_PNGIBSE_2012.pdf

PNR (2012). National Restoration Plan: Ecological Restoration, Rehabilitation and Recuperation od Disturbed Areas. Ministerio de Ambiente y Desarrollo Sostenible. http://www.terraconsultores.com/descargas/plan-nacional-de-restauracion-restauracion-ecologica-rehabilitacion-y-recuperacion-de-areas-disturbadas.pdf

R-PP (2013). https://www.forestcarbonpartnership.org/sites/fcp/files/2013/Nov2013/R-PP%20REDD%2B%20V-8.0%2030-sept-2013.pdf