Existing domestic restoration targets

Existing targets:

600,000 ha

Forest land

Land where forest is, or is planned to become, the dominant land use

If the land is without trees, there are two options:

Planted forests and woodlots

Planting of trees on formerly forested land. Native species or exotics and for various purposes, fuel- wood, timber, building, poles, fruit production, etc.

Existing restoration targets

100,000 ha

Natural regeneration

Natural regeneration of formerly forested land. Often the site is highly degraded and no longer able to fulfill its past function – e.g. agriculture. If the site is heavily degraded and no longer has seed sources, some planting will probably be required.

Existing restoration targets

0

If the land  is degraded forests:

Silviculture

Enhancement of existing forests and woodlands of diminished quality and stocking, e.g., by reducing fire and grazing and by liberation thinning, enrichment planting, etc.

Existing restoration targets

100,000 ha

300,000 ha (includes some agroforestry)

400,000 ha

Agricultural land

Land which is being managed to produce food

If the land  is under permanent management:

Agroforestry

Establishment and management of trees on active agricultural land (under shifting agriculture), either through planting or regeneration, to improve crop productivity, provide dry season fodder, increase soil fertility, enhance water retention, etc.

Existing restoration targets

100,000 ha

If it is under intermittent management:

Improved fallow

Establishment and management of trees on fallow agricultural land to improve productivity, e.g. through fire control, extending the fallow period, etc., with the knowledge and intention that eventually this land will revert back to active agriculture.

Existing restoration targets

0

Protective land and buffers

Land that is vulnerable to, or critical in safeguarding against, catastrophic events

If degraded mangrove:

Mangrove restoration

Establishment or enhancement of mangroves along coastal areas and in estuaries.

Existing restoration targets

0

If other protective land or buffer:

Watershed protection and erosion control

Establishment and enhancement of forests on very steep sloping land, along water courses, in areas that naturally flood and around critical water bodies.

Existing restoration targets

0

More information

Detailed Analysis: Relevant Content for Chile's Domestic Plans and Multilateral Programs

REDD+ Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PP)

  • The R-PP (2013) has no specific FLR targets
  • Section 2C: Framework for implementation of REDD+
    • Reinvigorate afforestation for production growth[i]
    • Promote increase of forest resources
  • Anticipated activities with Co-financing of REDD+
    • Analysis of mitigation potential from Law 20.283
    • Possibly spurring 592,000 ha of plantings[ii]

[i] R-PP  page 153; [ii] R-PP page 157

REDD+ Strategy

  • National Strategy for Forests and Climate Change (ENBCC) – (Brochure) no FLR targets as of yet.

The April 2014 REDD Readiness Progress Sheet says CONAF is still developing the REDD+ strategy, and that when complete will be directed to deal with degradation, SFM, and enhancing forest carbon stocks.

National Climate Strategies & Plans

[1] afforestation target not included in total because efforts do not start until 2020 and is therefore past the Bonn Challenge goal of "by 2020". This activity could be applied to the 2030 goal in the NYDF.

[i] NCCAP – page 52

Emission Reductions Program Idea Note (ER-PIN)

  • Activities and Mitigation options under the proposed ER-PIN (2014) do not include FLR activities/targets, but there is a forestation program in emblematic areas affected by fires[i]

[i] ER-PIN page 18

Global Environment Facility (GEF)

  • 4104: Sustainable Land Management (June 2010 – April 2018) (total budget: $5.86 M grant + $77.61M  = $83.47 M
    • Includes 100,000 ha[i] sustainable land management
      • Includes restoration, biological corridors, reforestation with native species[ii]
      • Budget for component 2 (SLM): $2.45 M grant + $63 M co-financing = $65.45 M
  • 4698: Integrated national Monitoring and assessment System on Forest Ecosystems (SIMEF) in support of policies, regulations and SFM practices incorporating REDD+ and biodiversity conservation in forest ecosystems (Nov. 2012 approval – 48 month duration) ( total budget: $6.3 M grant + $25.24 M = $31.54 M)
    • Global Environmental Benefit Section: with the implementation of the SIMEF pilots there will be a recuperation of 100,000 ha degraded forest (after 20 years) and 1,000,000 ha (after 50 years)[iii]
      • The result of component 3 with a budget: $942,000 grant + $3,117,000 co-financing = $4,059,000[iv]
  • 5135: Protecting Biodiversity and Multiple Ecosystem Services in Biological Mountain Corridors in Chile’s Mediterranean Ecosystem (budget: $5,657,201 grant + $19,350,000 = $25,007,201)[v] (approved April 2013 – duration 60 months)
    • Integrated Conservation Districts for soil, forest and water implemented on 100,000 ha of production/conservation pilot areas[vi] (corresponding funding: $340,677 grant + $2,274,500 = $2,615,177)
      • Pilot 2: 100,000 ha (livestock, cultivation, walnut trees, and nature tourism)[vii]
      • Upscale potential of SFM to 700,000 ha[viii]
  • 5429: Mainstreaming the conservation, sustainable use and valuation of critically threatened species and endangered ecosystems into development-frontier production landscapes of the Arica y Parinacota, and Biobio regions (March 2014 – duration 36 months) (Finance: $2,411,416 grant + $8,811,707 co-financing = $11, 223,123)
    • 300,000 ha sustainably managed landscapes including agro-ecosystems, production forests, biological corridors, and species refuges)[ix]
    • Implementing conservation agriculture, sustainable livestock production, sustainable timber and NTFPs, and restoration of ecosystem services in pilot areas

Restoration Target: 600,000 ha

Restoration: 100,000 ha

SFM: 100,000 ha

Agroforestry: 100,000 ha

SFM/Agroforestry: 300,000 ha

[i] GEF 4104 PIF – page 1; [ii] GEF 4104 PIF – page 2; [iii] GEF 4698 PIF – page 14; [iv] GEF 4698 PIF – page 4; [v] GEF 5135 PIF – page 2; [vi] GEF 5135 PIF – page 2; [vii] GEF 5135 PIF – page 14; [viii] GEF 5135 PIF – page 16; [ix] GEF 5429 PIF – page 15

Sources

ENBCC. La Estrategia Nacional de Bosques y Cambio Climatico, Folleto. CONAF. http://www.conaf.cl/wp-content/files_mf/1374682686folletocambio_climatico.pdf

ER-PIN (March 2014). Emissions Reduction focused on Temperate Forest Degradation in Chile. FCPF. https://www.forestcarbonpartnership.org/sites/fcp/files/2014/February/Chile%20ER-PIN%20CF9%20English.pdf

Forestry NAMA (2010).  Implementation of a National Forestry and Climate Change Strategy, including the development and implementation of a Platform for the Generation and Trading of Forest Carbon Credits. NAMA Database. https://unfccc.int/files/cooperation_support/nama/application/pdf/nama_implementation_forestry_chile_nov_2012_v2.pdf

http://www.nama-database.org/index.php/Forestry_NAMA

GEF 4104 (June 2010). Sustainable Land Management. http://www.thegef.org/gef/sites/thegef.org/files/gef_prj_docs/GEFProjectDocuments/Multi%20Focal%20Area/Chile%20-%20(4104)%20-%20Sustainable%20Land%20Management/MFA%204104%20Chile%20PIF.pdf

GEF 4698 (Nov. 2012). Integrated national Monitoring and assessment System on Forest Ecosystems (SIMEF) in support of policies, regulations and SFM practices incorporating REDD+ and biodiversity conservation in forest ecosystems. http://www.thegef.org/gef/sites/thegef.org/files/gef_prj_docs/GEFProjectDocuments/Multi%20Focal%20Area/Chile%20-%20(4968)%20-%20Integrated%20national%20Monitoring%20and%20Assessment%20Syst

GEF 5135 (April 2013). Protecting Biodiversity and Multiple Ecosystem Services in Biological Mountain Corridors in Chile’s Mediterranean Ecosystem. http://www.thegef.org/gef/sites/thegef.org/files/gef_prj_docs/GEFProjectDocuments/Multi%20Focal%20Area/Chile%20-%20(5135)%20-%20Protecting%20Biodiversity%20and%20Multiple%20Ecosystem%20Ser/SFM%20FSP%20PIF%20Metropolitan%20Biological%20Corridor%20Chile_21%2003%2013.pdf 

GEF 5429 (March 2014). Mainstreaming the conservation, sustainable use and valuation of critically threatened species and endangered ecosystems into development-frontier production landscapes of the Arica y Parinacota, and Biobio regions. http://www.thegef.org/gef/sites/thegef.org/files/gef_prj_docs/GEFProjectDocuments/Biodiversity/Chile%20-%20(5429)%20-%20Mainstreaming%20the%20Conservation,%20Sustainable%20use%20an/8-23-13_-_Rev_PIF.pdf

Law 20.283. Ley Sobre Recuperacion del Bosque Nativo y Fomento Forestal y Reglamentos. CONAF. http://www.conaf.cl/wp-content/files_mf/1368741650LibroLey_Bosque_NativoReglamentos.pdf

NAPCC (2014). National Adaptation Plan for Climate Change. Ministerio del Medio Ambiente. http://portal.mma.gob.cl/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/PAN-web2.pdf

NCCAP (2010). National Climate Change Action Plan 2008-2012. Gobierno de Chile, National Environmental Commission. http://www.mma.gob.cl/1304/articles-49744_Plan_02.pdf

REDD Readiness Progress Fact Sheet (April 2014). Chile. FCPF. https://www.forestcarbonpartnership.org/sites/fcp/files/2014/June/Chile%20FCPF%20REDD%20Readiness%20Progress%20Sheet_FINAL_April2014_ENG.pdf

R-PP (Oct. 2013). Readiness Preparation Proposal, Version 9. FCPF. https://www.forestcarbonpartnership.org/sites/fcp/files/2013/Oct2013/R-PP%20Octubre%204-2013.pdf