Existing domestic restoration targets

Existing targets:

1,218,000 ha

Forest land

Land where forest is, or is planned to become, the dominant land use

If the land is without trees, there are two options:

Planted forests and woodlots

Planting of trees on formerly forested land. Native species or exotics and for various purposes, fuel- wood, timber, building, poles, fruit production, etc.

Existing restoration targets

50,000 ha

Natural regeneration

Natural regeneration of formerly forested land. Often the site is highly degraded and no longer able to fulfill its past function – e.g. agriculture. If the site is heavily degraded and no longer has seed sources, some planting will probably be required.

Existing restoration targets

0

If the land  is degraded forests:

Silviculture

Enhancement of existing forests and woodlands of diminished quality and stocking, e.g., by reducing fire and grazing and by liberation thinning, enrichment planting, etc.

Existing restoration targets

13,000 ha

10,000 ha

50,000 ha

Total: 73,000 ha

Agricultural land

Land which is being managed to produce food

If the land  is under permanent management:

Agroforestry

Establishment and management of trees on active agricultural land (under shifting agriculture), either through planting or regeneration, to improve crop productivity, provide dry season fodder, increase soil fertility, enhance water retention, etc.

Existing restoration targets

10,000 ha

1,000,000 ha

Total: 1,010,000 ha

If it is under intermittent management:

Improved fallow

Establishment and management of trees on fallow agricultural land to improve productivity, e.g. through fire control, extending the fallow period, etc., with the knowledge and intention that eventually this land will revert back to active agriculture.

Existing restoration targets

0

Protective land and buffers

Land that is vulnerable to, or critical in safeguarding against, catastrophic events

If degraded mangrove:

Mangrove restoration

Establishment or enhancement of mangroves along coastal areas and in estuaries.

Existing restoration targets

0

If other protective land or buffer:

Watershed protection and erosion control

Establishment and enhancement of forests on very steep sloping land, along water courses, in areas that naturally flood and around critical water bodies.

Existing restoration targets

85,000 ha

More information

Detailed Analysis: Relevant Content for Burkina Faso's Domestic Plans and Multilateral Programs

REDD+ Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PP)

  • R-PP (Oct. 2013): Increase national coverage of ‘forest reserves’ from 14% to 30%[i]
    • Combination of forest classification of local authorities and through reforestation[1]
  • Management of agro-silvo-pastoral systems (1 of 4 pillars for REDD+ Strategy)
    • Restoration and participatory management of existing classified forests[ii]
    • Development of agroforestry (afforestation & ANR)[iii]
    • Development and SFM of community forests
    • Village plantations
    • Reforestation[2]
  • Annex 2c: REDD+ Implementation Framework[3]
    • Participatory restoration and management (2006-2011)
      • Finance: $6,689,232 (grant) +  $671,234 (state) + $687,789  = $8,048,255
    • Sustainable Forest Resource Management Project in Southwest, Central and East Regions (2004-2010)
      • 53,350 ha reforestation & 4,800 ha reforested watershed
      • Finance: $19.8 M

[1] Knowing what percent of forest reserve increases will be accomplished through reforestation will generate another FLR target

[2] Commercial reforestation, reforestation in conservation areas (rural communes), agroforestry, restoration of degraded lands (efforts to fight desertification)

[3] Both FLR relevant projects in the framework were supposed to be accomplished by 2010/11 which would rule them out for Bonn Challenge FLR target contention, but info included for follow up on whether targets were met

[i] R-PP – page 89; [ii] R-PP – page 92; [iii] R-PP – page 92

National Climate Strategies & Plans

  • PNSR (2010): Programme national du secteur rural (National Rural Sector Program) (Sept. 2011)
    • Subprogram: development of production forest, wildlife and fish
      • Reforestation campaign = 11,000,000 plants annually[i]
      • Program Cost: $136 M (2011-2015)[ii]
      • Funds Acquired: $32 M[iii]
  • SCADD 2011-2015 (Strategy for Accelerated Growth and Sustainable Development)
    • Objective 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability
      • Indicator: Percentage of Lands Recovered[iv]
        • Current level in 2010 = 0%[1]
        • 2015 Target: 10%
  • Burkina 2025 – General Report (April 2005)
    • Vision and Strategies(National Programme of Action Fighting Desertification)
      • Improve quality of life includes stopping the degradation of natural resources and fighting against desertification[v]
  • PANLCD (National Programme of Action Fighting Desertification) (2000) – no FLR targets
  • PNDD (National Policy on Sustainable Development) (Oct. 2013) – no FLR targets
  • PANE (National Action Plan for the Environment) (April 1994) – no FLR targets
  • PNAT (National Policy for Regional Planning(August 2005)
    • Strengths and Opportunities for Managing the Territory
      • Potential wooded area[2]: 20,468,000 ha[vi]
        • 13,317,000 ha natural forests
        • 7,414,000 ha shrub lands

[1] The proportion of land recovery that would qualify for FLR is not discussed in the SCADD. SCADD reports in “State of the Environment” (1.3) that 34% of the territory (9,234,500 ha of productive land) are degraded due to anthropogenic causes. Also noted is the 74% of arid/semi-arid areas are affected by desertification/degradation (SCADD – page 20). The total national land area is 27,380,000 ha, and if the SCADD is referring to restoration of 10% of national land area then the target for 2015 would be 2,738,000 ha. If it is 10% of degraded lands then the 2015 target would be 923,450 ha. 

[2] Potentially useful figure to follow up on to see if the potential or a portion could be turned into an FLR target

[i] PNSR – page 36; [ii] PNSR – page 45; [iii]PNSR – page 46; [iv] SCADD – page 39; [v] Burkina 2025 – page 115; [vi] PNAT – page 6

Forest Investment Program (FIP)

  • Opportunities for GHG reductions in the FIP (2012) projects
    • Increase of the carbon content in the forest reserves[i]
      • SFM plans, reforestation, land degradation management (restoration of degraded areas, silvo-cultural actions, ANR)
  • Logical Framework[ii] with activity flow chart
    • Project 1: PGDDF (Decentralized Forest and Woodland Management) ($18 M)[iii]
      • Component 2.2: activities financed include creation of community forest, agroforestry, agro-silvo-pastoralism, and A/R[iv]
    • Project 2: PGPFD (Participatory Management of State Forests) ($12 M)[v]
      • 50,000 ha[vi] forest plantations[vii]
    • Both projects use indicators for progress that include ANR, A/R, and SFM activities[viii]
  • Annex 2: estimate of the range of emission reductions that the proposed FIP program could help achieve (over 10-20 years)
    • Agroforestry measures (additional plantations): 10 years for 1,000,000 ha new plantations[ix]
    • Reforestation: double[1] reforestation from 10,400 ha/yr to 20,800 ha/yr[x] (104,000-416,000 ha)

Restoration Target: 1,050,000 ha

Plantation: 50,000 ha

Agroforestry: 1,000,000 ha

[1] The annual rate of increase from 10,400 ha/yr to 20,800 ha/yr over the projected approximate 10-20 year period is not known, which means it is currently not possible to project an FLR target from the increased annual target for reforestation.

[i] FIP – page 18; [ii] FIP – page 35; [iii] FIP – page 39; [iv] FIP – page 57; [v] FIP – page 41; [vi] FIP – page 19; [vii] FIP – page 102; [viii] FIP – page 51; [ix] FIP – page 79; [x] FIP – page 81

Global Environment Facility (GEF)

  • 4233 (Request for CEO Endorsement): CPP: Sub-Program for Sustainable Land Management  in Boucle de Mouhoun region (May 2010 – June 2015)
    • Outcome 3: SLM and soil restoration [i] ($1.2 M grant + $3.5 M = $4.7 M)
      • 100,000 ha pastoral zones
      • 50,000 ha river banks
      • 20,000 ha wetlands
      • Global Environmental Benefits: significant extension of plant cover will be restored
  • 4301 (Request for CEO Endorsement): CPP: SLM subprogram for the Centre-West Region (June 2010 – Sept. 2015)
    • Outcome 3.1: techniques for sustainable land use and soil restoration based on local knowledge and innovative practices are promoted and diffused[ii] ($1.18 M grant + $3.2 M co-financing = $4.38 M)
      • 50,000 ha forest land
      • 35,000 ha pastoral zone
      • 10,000 ha river banks
      • 5,000 ha wetlands
      • 10,000 ha Agro-Biodiversity
      • 10,000 ha peripheral areas for fauna protection
  • 5187 (Request for CEO Endorsement): GGW: Community based Rural Development Project 3rd Phase with Sustainable Land and Forestry Management (Nov. 2012 for 60 months) ($7.4 M grant + $97.35 M co-financing = $104.75 M)
    • Annex A: Project Results Framework
      • Indicator 3: additional land under SFM: 13,000 ha  (between 2013 – 2017)[iii]

Restoration Target: 168,000 ha

Watershed: 85,000 ha

Agroforestry: 10,000 ha

Silviculture: 73,000 ha

[i] GEF 4233 – page 17; [ii] GEF 4301 – page 17; [iii] GEF 5187 – page 26

Sources

Burkina 2025 (April 2005). Etude National Prospective “Burkina 2025” Rapport General. Conseil National de Prospective et de Planification Strategique, Burkina Faso. http://www.finances.gov.bf/index.php/politiques/deveconomie/burkina2025?download=20%3Aburkina2025

FIP (Oct. 2012). Revised Forest Investment Program. Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development, Burkina Faso. https://www.climateinvestmentfunds.org/cif/sites/climateinvestmentfunds.org/files/FIP_4_Burkina_Faso.pdf

GEF 4233 (2010). Request for CEO Endorsement: CPP: Sub-Program for Sustainable Land Management  in Boucle de Mouhoun region. http://www.thegef.org/gef/project_detail?projID=4233

GEF 4301 (2010). Request for CEO Endorsement: CPP: SLM subprogram for the Centre-West Region. http://www.thegef.org/gef/project_detail?projID=4301

GEF 5187 (2012). Request for CEO Endorsement: GGW: Community based Rural Development Project 3rd Phase with Sustainable Land and Forestry Management. http://www.thegef.org/gef/sites/thegef.org/files/gef_prj_docs/GEFProjectDocuments/Multi%20Focal%20Area/Burkina%20Faso%20-%20(5187)%20-%20Community%20based%20Rural%20Development%20Project%203rd%20Phas/11-21-12%20CEO%20endorsement%20document%20final.pdf

PANE (April 1994). Plan D’Action National Pour L’Environment (PANE). Ministre De L’Environnement et du Tourisme, Burkina Faso. http://www.environnement.gov.bf/files/pane.pdf

PANLCD (2000). Programme D’Action National de Lutte Contre la Desertification. Burkina Faso. http://www.unccd.int/ActionProgrammes/burkina_faso-fre2000.pdf

PNAT (Aug. 2005). Politique Nationale D’Amenagement Du Territoire. Ministere de l’Economie et du Developpement, Burkina Faso. http://www.finances.gov.bf/files/Rapports/PNAT.pdf

PNDD (Oct. 2013). Politique Nationale de Developpement Durable au Burkina Faso. Burkina Faso. http://www.environnement.gov.bf/files/PNDD_Version_finale_du_17__10__2013.pdf

PNSR (Sept. 2011). Programme National du Secteur Rural (PNSR) 2011-2015, Document de programme (version provisoire). Burkina Faso. http://www.inter-reseaux.org/IMG/pdf/PNSR_version_19_dec_2011.pdf

R-PP (Oct. 2013). Readiness Preparation Plan for REDD. Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development. https://www.forestcarbonpartnership.org/sites/fcp/files/2013/Nov2013/13-11-08%20R-PP%20Burkina%20EN%20VFin20h.pdf

SCADD (2010). Strategie de Croissance Acceleree et de Developpement Durable 2011-2015. Burkina Faso. http://www.unpei.org/sites/default/files/e_library_documents/Burkina_Faso_PRSP_2011.pdf