Existing domestic restoration targets

Existing targets:

22,879,800 (+238,700) ha

Forest land

Land where forest is, or is planned to become, the dominant land use

If the land is without trees, there are two options:

Planted forests and woodlots

Planting of trees on formerly forested land. Native species or exotics and for various purposes, fuel- wood, timber, building, poles, fruit production, etc.

Existing restoration targets

3,200,000 ha

81,300-320,000 ha

12,500,000 ha

3,000,000 ha

Total: 18,781,300 ha (+238,700 ha)

Natural regeneration

Natural regeneration of formerly forested land. Often the site is highly degraded and no longer able to fulfill its past function – e.g. agriculture. If the site is heavily degraded and no longer has seed sources, some planting will probably be required.

Existing restoration targets

0

If the land  is degraded forests:

Silviculture

Enhancement of existing forests and woodlands of diminished quality and stocking, e.g., by reducing fire and grazing and by liberation thinning, enrichment planting, etc.

Existing restoration targets

0

Agricultural land

Land which is being managed to produce food

If the land  is under permanent management:

Agroforestry

Establishment and management of trees on active agricultural land (under shifting agriculture), either through planting or regeneration, to improve crop productivity, provide dry season fodder, increase soil fertility, enhance water retention, etc.

Existing restoration targets

70,000 ha

4,000,000 ha

Total: 4,070,000 ha

Protective land and buffers

Land that is vulnerable to, or critical in safeguarding against, catastrophic events

If other protective land or buffer:

Watershed protection and erosion control

Establishment and enhancement of forests on very steep sloping land, along water courses, in areas that naturally flood and around critical water bodies.

Existing restoration targets

28,500 ha

More information

Detailed Analysis: Relevant Content for Brazil's Domestic Plans and Multilateral Programs

REDD+ Strategy

Biome Plans:

  • PPCerrado[1] (Sep. 2010)
    • Increase planted forest areas (for charcoal[2]) by 2020: 3,200,000 ha[i]
  • PPCDAm (June 2013)
    • Mentions forest restoration and agroforestry as activities that have access to Climate Fund resources[ii]
    • Mentions developing restoration methods for production forest areas[iii]

State Plans:

  • PPCD Acre (2009): reforestation goals to be met by 2010[3]

Restoration Target: 3,200,000 ha

[1] The Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Deforestation and Fires in the Cerrado

[2] Forest is slated for use by the steel industry (charcoal production)

[3] 2010 cut-off for Bonn Challenge – therefore specifics are not given

[i] PPCerrado – page 12; [ii] PPCDAm – page 34; [iii] PPCDAm – page 161

National Climate Strategies & Plans

  • PNMC - National Plan on Climate Change (2008) (Executive Summary) (Full Version)
    • Double forest plantations from 5.5 Mha to 11 Mha in 2020 (2 Mha using native species) (priority is planting in degraded pasture[1])[i]
  • ABC Plan[2] (January 2012)
    • Crop-Livestock-Forest & Agroforestry: increase use of the system by 4,000,000 ha[ii] by 2020[iii] (Est. funding: $14.4 B)[iv]
    • Promote reforestation through expanding Commercial Forests for fiber/wood/cellulose: increase from 6 to 9 Mha by 2020 (+3 Mha[v])[vi] with est. budget $3.8 B[vii]
    • Est. Budget 2011-2020 for ABC Plan: $75 B[viii]
  • Amazon Fund
    • Project: Sepror Agroecologica – initiative 3 of 3 is to support expansion of sustainable production systems including agroforestry
      • Finance: $6.3 M (approved Aug 2013 for 36 months)[ix]
    • Project: Importance of Forest Environmental Assets – one product is the implementation of agroforestry systems for community SFM
      • Finance: $25.6 M (approved Oct 2010 for 36 months)[x]
  • Forest Code (Law to Protect the Native Vegetation)
    • National Plan for the Recovery of Native Vegetation - Preliminary Version (PLANAVEG) (2014)
      • Restoration Estimate of 12.5 [3] Mha[xi]
      • Woods Hole Research Center (Soares-Filho et al.) estimates the total forest area to be restored for Legal Reserve & RPA compliance at 21± 1 Mha[xii] (78% LR & 22% RPA)

Restoration Target: 19,500,000 ha

Agroforestry: 4,000,000 ha

Plantation: 3,000,000 ha

Forest Code Restoration: 12,500,000 ha

[1] Counting 3 Mha plantations from ABC Plan instead in order to avoid double counting with PNMC targets.

[2] The Sectoral Plan for the Mitigation and Adaptation of Climate Change for a ‘Low Carbon Emission Agriculture’. Plano ABC (Agricultura de Baixa Emissão de Carbono) - the same commitments are made in Decree 7390/2010.

[3] US-Brazil Joint Statement on Climate Change: Brazil will restore/reforest 12 Mha of forests by 2030

[i] PNMC exec sum. - page 17; [ii] ABC Plan – page 54; [iii] ABC Plan – page 14; [iv] ABC Plan – page 42; [v] ABC Plan – page 73; [vi] ABC Plan – page 14; [vii] ABC Plan – page 42; [viii] ABC Plan – page 40; [ix] Sepror – section ‘The project’; [x] Importance of Forest Environmental Assets – ‘Products and services’; [xi] PLANAVEG – page 17; [xii] (WHRC) Soares-Filho et al. (2014) – page 363

Forest Investment Program (FIP)

  • No specific FLR targets, but the FIP (2012) is projected to support REDD+ related programs in Brazil including the ABC Plan and PPCerrado.
    • Project 1.2 in the FIP is ‘based upon the ABC Plan’[i]
    • The Logic Framework for the Brazil Investment Plan includes ‘Restoration of degraded Areas of Permanent Preservation (APPs) and Legal Reserves’ as a ‘Target area’[ii]
    • Finance: $37.22 M grant + $32.48M loan + $57 M co-financing = $126.7 M[iii]

[i] FIP – page v; [ii] FIP – page 31; [iii] FIP – page v

Global Environment Facility (GEF)

  • 4834: Recovery and protection of climate and biodiversity services in the Paraiba do Sul basin of the Atlantic Forest of Brazil (submitted 2012, duration: 60 months)
    • 28,500 ha watershed (forest recovered and restored)[i]
    • Total Financing: $26.6 M grant + $168.8 M co-financing = $195.4 M
  • 5276: Sustainable land use management in the semi-arid region of North-east Brazil (Sergipe) (submitted 2013, duration: 48 months)
    • 70,000 ha (increase vegetative cover in agro-ecosystems)[ii]
      • Finance attached to Output 1.3: $1.38 M grant + $10.5 M co-financing
    • Total Financing: $3.8 M grant + $17 M co-financing = $20.8 M[iii]
  • 5324: Reversing Desertification  Process in Susceptible Areas of Brazil: Sustainable Agroforestry Practices and Biodiversity Conservation (submitted 2013, duration: 48 months)
    • Establish 10 biological corridors between protected areas (5 Caatinga; 5 Cerrado): 81,300-320,000 ha[iv]
    • Total Financing: $3.93 M grant + $15.96 M co-financing = $19.89 M[v]

Restoration Target: 179,800 - 418,500 ha

Watershed: 28,500 ha

Agroforestry: 70,000 ha

Reforestation: 81,300 - 320,000 ha

[i] GEF 4834 PIF – page 2; [ii] GEF 5276 PIF – page 1; [iii] GEF 5276 PIF – page 1; [iv] GEF 5324 PIF – page 2; [v] GEF 5324 PIF – page 3

Sources

ABC Plan (2012). Plano Sectorial de Mitigacao e de Adaptacao as Mudancas Climaticas para a Consolidacao de uma Economia de Baixa Emissao de Carbono na Agricultura, Plano ABC (Agricultura de Baixa Emissao de Carbono). Versao Final – Brasilia: MAPA/MDA, 2011. http://www.mma.gov.br/images/arquivo/80076/Plano_ABC_VERSAO_FINAL_13jan2012.pdf

AFRP (Atlantic Forest Restoration Pact). AFRP Mission and Objective. http://www.pactomataatlantica.org.br/missao-e-objetivo.aspx?lang=en 

FIP (2012). Plano De Investimento Do Brasil, Versao no. 3 (Final). Forest Investment Program. https://www.climateinvestmentfunds.org/cif/sites/climateinvestmentfunds.org/files/FIP_Brazil_investment_plan_v3_Final_Portuguese_April2012.pdf

GEF – 4834 (2012). Recovery and protection of climate and biodiversity services in the Paraiba do Sul basin of the Atlantic Forest of Brazil. http://www.thegef.org/gef/sites/thegef.org/files/gef_prj_docs/GEFProjectDocuments/Multi%20Focal%20Area/Brazil%20-%20(4834)%20-%20Recovery%20and%20Protection%20of%20Climate%20and%20Biodiversit/PIF_Mata%20Atlantica_04092012_clean.pdf

 GEF – 5276 (2013). Sustainable land use management in the semi-arid region of North-east Brazil (Sergipe). http://www.thegef.org/gef/sites/thegef.org/files/gef_prj_docs/GEFProjectDocuments/Land%20Degradation/Brazil%20-%20(5276)%20-%20Sustainable%20Land%20use%20Management%20in%20the%20Semi-arid%20R/PIMS%203066%20Brazil%20SLM_%20in_semiarid_region_%20of_NE_Sergipe_%2017Jan13.pdf

 GEF – 5324 (2013). Reversing Desertification  Process in Susceptible Areas of Brazil: Sustainable Agroforestry Practices and Biodiversity Conservation. http://www.thegef.org/gef/sites/thegef.org/files/gef_prj_docs/GEFProjectDocuments/Multi%20Focal%20Area/Brazil%20-%20(5324)%20-%20Reversing%20Desertification%20Process%20in%20Susceptible%20A/7-1-13%20-%20Rev%20PIF%20and%20PPG%20doc.doc.pdf

 Importance of Forest Environmental Assets (2010). Valorizacao do Ativo Ambiental Florestal (Importance of Forest Environmental Assets). Amazon Fund. http://www.amazonfund.gov.br/FundoAmazonia/fam/site_en/Esquerdo/Projetos/Lista_Projetos/Estado_do_Acre

 PLANAVEG (2014). Plano Nacional De Recuperacao Da Vegetacao Nativa, Versao Preliminar. MMA, Secretaria de Biodiversidade e Florestas, Departamento de Conservacao da Biodiversidade. http://www.mma.gov.br/images/arquivo/80049/Planaveg/PLANAVEG_20-11-14.pdf

 PNMC (2008). National Plan on Climate Change, Executive Summary. Government of Brazil, Interministerial Committee on Climate Change, Decree No. 6263 of Nov. 21, 2007. http://www.adaptationlearning.net/sites/default/files/Brazil%20PNMC%20Executive%20Summary.pdf

 PPCDAcre (2009). Plano Estadual de Prevencao e Controle dos Desmatamentos do Acre. Versao Preliminar – Documento Base para consulta. Rio Branco, Acre. http://www.fundoamazonia.gov.br/FundoAmazonia/export/sites/default/site_pt/Galerias/Arquivos/Publicacoes/Plano_Estadual_do_Acre.pdf

 PPCDAm (June 2013). Plano de Acao para prevencao e controle do desmatamento na Amazonia Legal: 3 fase (2012-2015) pelo uso sustentavel e conservacao da Floresta / Ministerio do Meio Ambiente e Grupo Permanente de Trabalho Interministerial. Brasilia: MMA, 2013. http://www.mma.gov.br/images/arquivo/80120/PPCDAm/_FINAL_PPCDAM.PDF

 PPCerrado (2010). Plano de acao para prevencao e controle do desmatamento e das queimadas: cerrado. Brasilia: Ministerio do Meio Ambiente. http://www.mma.gov.br/estruturas/201/_arquivos/ppcerrado_201.pdf

Sepror (2013). Sepror Agroecologica (SEPROR Agro-Ecology). Amazon Fund. http://www.amazonfund.gov.br/FundoAmazonia/fam/site_en/Esquerdo/Projetos/Lista_Projetos/Estado_Amazonas_SEPROR

 Soares-Filho et al. (4/25/14). Cracking Brazil’s Forest Code. Science, Vol. 344 no. 6182 pp. 363-364. http://www.spde.org/documentos/noticias/Science-2014-Soares-Filho-363-4.pdf