Existing domestic restoration targets

Existing targets:

1,218,028 ha

Forest land

Land where forest is, or is planned to become, the dominant land use

If the land is without trees, there are two options:

Planted forests and woodlots

Planting of trees on formerly forested land. Native species or exotics and for various purposes, fuel- wood, timber, building, poles, fruit production, etc.

Existing restoration targets

699,000 ha

10,528 ha

5,000 ha

Total: 714,528 ha

Natural regeneration

Natural regeneration of formerly forested land. Often the site is highly degraded and no longer able to fulfill its past function – e.g. agriculture. If the site is heavily degraded and no longer has seed sources, some planting will probably be required.

Existing restoration targets


If the land  is degraded forests:


Enhancement of existing forests and woodlands of diminished quality and stocking, e.g., by reducing fire and grazing and by liberation thinning, enrichment planting, etc.

Existing restoration targets

503,500 ha

Agricultural land

Land which is being managed to produce food

If the land  is under permanent management:


Establishment and management of trees on active agricultural land (under shifting agriculture), either through planting or regeneration, to improve crop productivity, provide dry season fodder, increase soil fertility, enhance water retention, etc.

Existing restoration targets


If it is under intermittent management:

Improved fallow

Establishment and management of trees on fallow agricultural land to improve productivity, e.g. through fire control, extending the fallow period, etc., with the knowledge and intention that eventually this land will revert back to active agriculture.

Existing restoration targets


Protective land and buffers

Land that is vulnerable to, or critical in safeguarding against, catastrophic events

If degraded mangrove:

Mangrove restoration

Establishment or enhancement of mangroves along coastal areas and in estuaries.

Existing restoration targets


If other protective land or buffer:

Watershed protection and erosion control

Establishment and enhancement of forests on very steep sloping land, along water courses, in areas that naturally flood and around critical water bodies.

Existing restoration targets


More information

Detailed Analysis: Relevant Content for Azerbaijan's Domestic Plans and Multilateral Programs

National Climate Strategies & Plans

  • NPREF (National Program On Restoration and Expansion of Forests in the Azerbaijan Republic) (2003 - 2008)[1]
    • 44,700 ha Afforestation (4,500 ha along Caspian Sea; 3,700 ha along roads; 9,800 ha along waterways; 22,700 ha misc. lands; 4,000 ha in Nakhchivan)[i]
      • 59,184 ha forest lands were restored[ii]
  • NFP (National Forest Program) (Forest Policy Statement and the Action Plan 2015-2030) (Final Draft) (2013).
    • Strategy 4: Forest areas and tree cover are significantly expanded through afforestation on suitable lands and restoration of degraded forest areas[iii]
      • Significantly increased by establishment of multipurpose forest plantations and tree plantings on suitable lands outside forest fund (up to 20%[2] of the country in the long run)[iv]
        • National Afforestation Campaign
        • To reach 20% forest cover requires + 699,000 ha
  • MENR (Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources of Azerbaijan Republic)
  • SPPRSD (State Program on Poverty Reduction and Sustainable Development in the Republic of Azerbaijan for 2008-2015)
    • Strategic Goal # 7: improving environmental situation and ensuring sustainable management of environment
    • Targets: Increase forest area to 12.5% by 2015[3] (+54,000 ha)

Restoration Target: 709,528 ha

A/R: 699,000 ha

Restoration: 10,528 ha

[1] NPREF figures are not included because implementation was finished prior to 2010

[2] Azerbaijan has an area of 8.6 Mha with 1.213 Mha of forest fund area and of that 1.021 Mha (11.8%) is actually covered in forest vegetation (NFP, p. 8). To reach 20% forest cover (1.72 Mha) Azerbaijan would have to increase forest cover by 699,000 ha.

[3] 12.5% forest cover = 1.075 Mha and to reach the 2015 goal from the 1.021 Mha reported in the 2013 NFP would require an increase of 54,000 ha. This figure is not included in the total as it is part of goal to reach 20% forest cover that is already accounted for in the total.

[i] NPREF – page 8; [ii] NFP – page 8; [iii] NFP – page 21; [iv] NFP – page 21; [v] MENR - http://www.eco.gov.az/en/m-gorulen%20ishler.php

Global Environment Facility (GEF)

  • 4332: PIF – Sustainable land and forest management in the Greater Caucasus landscape (2011 – duration 60 months) (Financing: $5,680,000 grant + $11,400,000 co-financing = $17,080,000)
    • SLM/SFM: 483,800 ha forest[i]
    • 12,500 ha pasture[1] (maintain or increase in vegetative cover)[ii]
    • 20,000 ha forestlands under improved multi-functional forest management[iii]
    • Restoration (via reduced anthropogenic pressures): 5,000 ha community forest & 9,000 ha pasture[iv]

Restoration Target: 508,500 ha

SFM: 503,500 ha

Restoration: 5,000 ha

[1] Not specifically FLR, but left for reference and follow up.

[i] GEF 4332 PIF – page 2; [ii] GEF 4332 PIF – page 2; [iii] GEF 4332 PIF – page 2; [iv] GEF 4332 PIF – page 2


GEF 4332 (2011). Sustainable land and forest management in the Greater Caucasus landscape. http://www.thegef.org/gef/sites/thegef.org/files/gef_prj_docs/GEFProjectDocuments/Multi%20Focal%20Area/Azerbaijan%20-%20(4332)%20-%20Sustainable%20Land%20and%20Forest%20Management%20in%20the%20Grea/AzerbaijanFinal.pdf.docx

MENR (n.d.). The works done by Forestry Development Department in 2012. Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources of Azerbaijan Republic. http://www.eco.gov.az/en/m-gorulen%20ishler.php

NFP (2013). National Forest Program (Forest Policy Statement and the Action Plan 2015-2030) (Final Draft). Republic of Azerbaijan. http://www.fao.org/forestry/39774-0e03f4576d53ec8aeeba6da1d02f63922.pdf

NPREF (2003). National Program On Restoration and Expansion of Forests in the Azerbaijan Republic. Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources.  http://www.fleg1.enpi-fleg.org/fileadmin/ufs/04.%20Program%20Information/4.02%20Program%20Components/4.02.01%20General/4.02.01.Azerbaijan/4.02.01.National_Program_Forestry.pdf

SPPRSD (2008). State Program on Poverty Reduction and Sustainable Development in the Republic of Azerbaijan for 2008-2015. http://www.cled.az/pdf/others/Azerbaijan%20Poverty%20Program%20for%202008-2015.pdf