Assessment: Underway


2 million hectares
  • 2011 2 million hectares by 2020

In 2011, the government of Rwanda pledged to bring 2 million hectares under restoration by 2020, representing the proportionally highest national commitment to the Bonn Challenge to date. Given Rwanda’s high population density and the importance of agriculture to the economy, agroforestry—the incorporation of trees into agricultural landscapes—represents the most important and wide-reaching restoration opportunity. Natural forest regeneration, such as in the famed Gishwati Forest Reserve, as well as establishing protective forests along steep slopes, wetlands, and rivers also represent important restoration opportunities.

Learn about how we created the restoration opportunities map above.

Where do the Quick Facts numbers come from?

All "Quick facts" are 2012 values from the World Bank Indicators database, except threatened species, which are 2014 values.

Potential economic and carbon sequestration benefits from this restoration commitment are calculated by IUCN as a portion of the total economic and carbon benefits estimated to accrue from fulfilling the Bonn Challenge. Larger commitments will generate greater benefits for people and nature. However, these are very rough estimates taken from a global analysis. They should not be used to guide national policy or decision-making. They are meant to inspire restoration and should be informed by more detailed ground-level analyses.

On the climate benefits

Initial analysis by IUCN found that achieving the 150 million hectare by 2020 goal would sequester approximately 1 gigaton of CO2 per year. The New York Declaration on Forests raised the Bonn Challenge ambition by calling for restoration of an additional 200 million hectares by 2030. Analysis of that goal by Climate Advisers found that we could reduce CO2 in the atmosphere by 0.6 to 1.7 billion tons (gigatons) per year by 2030, removing CO2 emissions of at least 11.8 to 33.5 gigatons over the period from 2011-2030.

Learn more about the estimated benefits of fulling the Bonn Challenge

Learn more about our national assessments of restoration opportunity.